DEFINITION OF THE CANCER
What happens to the cells?
- Stage 1 - One tumor that has not grown into any blood vessels and has not moved to any distant places in the body.
- Stage 2 - Either one tumor has grown into blood vessels OR there are several tumors (all are 5 cm or less across). Has not moved to any distant place in the body.
- Stage 3A - There is more than one tumor and at least one is more than 5 cm. Has not moved to any distant place in the body.
- Stage 3B - At least one tumor is growing into a major vein in the liver. Has not moved to any distant place in the body.
- Stage 3C - A tumor is growing into another organ OR a tumor has grown into the outer layer of the liver. Has not moved to any distant place in the body.
- Stage 4A - Tumors can be any size and can be grown into blood vessels or organs. Has spread to nearby lymph nodes but not to distant places.
- Stage 4B - The cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
What part of the body does it generally affect?
- Liver cancer generally affects the liver organ in the body
What gene(s) is/are mutated?
- A specific gene is not linked to liver cancer but there are certain chemicals that cause DNA damage in the liver cells
- weight loss (without trying)
- loss of appetite
- feeling full after a small meal
- nausea or vomiting
- enlarged spleen
- enlarged liver
- abdomen pain
- swelling or fluid buildup in the abdomen
- yellowing of the skin or eyes
- Hepatitis B or C
- liver diseases
- nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
- alcohol consumption
Can the cancer be inherited?
- reduce chances of getting Hepatitis B or C
- reduce alcohol consumption and smoking
- control/maintain weight
- reduce exposure to cancerous chemicals
Typically, treatment includes:
- nutrition is important to maintain weight (risk factor of liver cancer)
- blood tests
- liver tissue examinations
COMMON TYPES OF PEOPLE WITH LIVER CANCER
- Males are more susceptible to liver cancer because they are more common to have more of the risk factors for liver cancer.
- Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders
- people with obesity
- people with Type 2 Diabetes