Chapter 14: Driving in City Traffic By: Bianca Reyes B3

14.1 Adjusting to City Traffic

City Traffic
  • Traffic Complexity
  • traffic density- the number of vehicles you meet per mile
  • City driving may include you to respond to several close hazards and conflicts at the same time.
  • May have to adjust lanes or conflicts while using and taking time with the IPDE Process.
  • Using the IPDE Process

Be cool and relax when you see a driver that is angry, distracted, and etc. Give these kind of drivers enough distance.

  1. Identify - Look ahead to your target area, check searching ranges so you have time to spot things.
  2. Predict - quickly predict any points of conflict and gain enough time to respond.
  3. Decide - Be ready for adjustment of your speed and using distance wisely.
  4. Execute - Be ready to use vehicle's controls to execute smooth low risk maneuvers while in traffic.
Tailgater

14.2 Following and Meeting Traffic

Following Traffic

  • 3-second following distance - a safe distance from the vehicle ahead in most driving situations. May have to increase distance on certain driving conditions.

Tailgaters

tailgater- someone who follows up to closely

  • Managing a tailgater
  • Safely managing a tailgater you may increase your following distance, move to the right slightly, signal early, and you may change lanes or pull out of traffic.

Meeting Traffic

You must always react instantly to any action that may cause a collision. A way you can avoid conflicts is:

  1. Slow down until other driver is in normal lane
  2. Turn on or flash headlights and blow your horn
  3. Move to the right if right-front zone is open

14.3 Managing Space in traffic

Approaching Traffic Signals

By maintaining a following distance of three or more seconds, you may identify and predict possible points of conflict.

Covering the brake - you take your foot off the accelerator and hold it over the brake pedal.

Selecting the Best Lane

Select the lane that has mini hazards. Lane positioning, overtaking and passing, and special traffic lanes help you select the best lane. Through traffic should use the center lane to avoid slowdowns or stops.

14.4 Special city situations

Driving on Two-Way Streets

blind intersection - view of traffic on an intersecting road is impeded Many intersections do not have traffic controls so you or other drivers may have to yield to one another.

Driving on One-Way Streets

Usually there are signs saying ONE WAY, so you can identify what kind of street you are on and how to adjust. Position your vehicle in the nearest left lane if making a left turn.

If a vehicle is coming from the wrong direction execute instantly such as slowing down, steering right, and sound your horn. If possible, flash your lights.

Questions!
  1. What is traffic density?
  2. How many seconds is the proper following distance?
  3. What are tailgaters?
  4. How do you manage a tailgater?
  5. What is one thing you can do to warn a car going the wrong direction?
  6. What is a blind intersection?
  7. How do you cover the brake?
  8. What does the sign say on one way streets?
Answers
  1. the number of vehicles you meet per mile
  2. 3 seconds
  3. someone driving up to close
  4. adjust movement and position
  5. flash lights if possible
  6. view of traffic on an intersecting road is impeded
  7. take foot off accelerator
  8. ONE WAY

Credits:

Created with images by zolakoma - "Traffic" • Seabamirum - "Light Traffic" • Gellinger - "traffic transport jam" • Arman T Photography - "Heart of The City"

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