Christopher Columbus was an explorer born in Genoa, Italy. Columbus wanted to find the East Indies so he asked King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella for a sponsor to go find them land. After years of asking they finally accepted his request for a sponsor and he went to try and find the East Indies on August 3rd, 1492. Over two months later they landed on an island in the Bahamas called Guanahani on October 12 which is now called Columbus Day. He arrived back at Spain on March 15, 1493 with many slaves and became famous for his discoveries and was said to be one of the first people to set foot in America.
Jamestown was the first permanent English settlement in America. In 1606 King James I gave a rich group permission to start a colony somewhere. The group sent 105 men to go and start a colony in Virginia. The settlers got to Virginia on May 1607. They found a place near a river with deep water so they could anchor their ships near by. The group made a settlement closed in by walls and named it Jamestown after King James I. There was one problem, they built the town on a marsh which had dirty water around it and bad land for farming. There was also a bad disease called malaria carried by mosquitoes in the marsh. In September John Smith became the leader of the colony. There was a time from 1609-1610 when many colonists were starving to death they called this time the Starving Time. A colonist name John Rolfe learned how to grow a new tobacco which they called cash crop.
The Revolutionary War is the war that Americans fought for there own independence. Lexington and Concord were the first two battles fought in the Revolutionary War, both were a victory for the Americans. Those two battles proved to the British that the Americans were strong and they wouldn't give up. On 1783 The Treaty of Paris was signed and it officially made America its own independent country.
The Louisiana Purchase was bought by President Thomas Jefferson. Thomas Jefferson wanted to buy a part of Florida and New Orleans but Napoleon was in debt from the many wars he was fighting so he made a deal of 15 million dollars for New Orleans a part of Florida and another land they owned. Napoleon didn't know how large the land was so it was either a rip-off for the British or for the Americans. It turns out that the Louisiana Purchase was like 1/3 of the U.S.A now for 15 million dollars. This purchase helped us get a lot more land and helped get the whole U.S.A we have now.
The War of 1812 happened because the English were picking on Americans by destroying American trade ships, enslaving American sailors, they were still in their forts from the Revolutionary war, and they were encouraging Native Americans to attack American citizens and sometimes the British would join them. James Madison started war with the British on June 18th, 1812. The British actually said they would stop picking on us before the war but the messengers didn't get there on time. During a battle at Baltimore a man named Francis Scott Key went to negotiate a prisoner exchange when bombs started bursting in the air and the war had started while he was going to negotiate. Francis Scott Key wrote a poem during the fight which is now our National Anthem. With out this war we would have never had the Anthem we have today.
Created with images by Alexas_Fotos - "flag america usa" • Matt Briney - "untitled image"