The Introduction of Early Childhood Education:
In 1825, Robert Owens created the initiative to start the first early education center. There were over 100 students enrolled when the school started, and this opened the door for the research and opportunities in early childhood education.
As early childhood centers have been prevalent since the early 19th century, they continued to develop. This allowed the door for research to be conducted, revealing how crucial early development is in learning. From the start of early education centers to now, there has been an evolved curriculum including the major subjects learned in elementary education, along with daily habits and social skills, further preparing the children for elementary school.
Brown Vs. Board of Education
The implementation of this popular supreme court case was made due to the many cases leading up to Brown vs. Board, and the continuous protest from the public. Before this case, the schools were determined by supreme court to be separate but equal. This prohibited the capacity of learning entirely for all parts involved in the classroom. To understand that there was such discrimination prominent in the United States and the education system is astonishing. However, without this indispensable act passed by the supreme court, the education system would've remained at a standstill in terms of evolving for a better environment allowing all students the ability to learn.
The Influence of the Cold War
On October 4, 1957, the Soviet Union launched the first ever satellite into space. Due to the tension between the United States and the Soviet Union, the U.S. reacted quickly in all aspects of the country, and specifically in the curriculum in schools. This implemented the the National Defense Education Act in 1958, which improved the science and mathematics aspect of curriculum, and also introduced the teaching of foreign languages in the classroom. This is still universal in schools today, and in most places required for entry to college. This Act proved the impact government had on curriculum in reaction to societal changes at the time.
Title IX of the Education Amendments Act of 1972
Title IX prohibited the discrimination of gender in schools. This applies to all schools public and private that receive public funding, including colleges. This clearly was a necessary Act that further provided equal opportunities for all students to succeed. It is interesting to see how it is applied to scholarships, athletics, and many opportunities today, especially at the college level.
Women in Sports, Time Magazine: 1978
Education For All Handicapped Children Act of 1975
This act required all public schools accepting federal funds to provide equal access to education and one free meal a day for children with physical and mental disabilities. Without this Act, special education resources and the ability for an equal chance at learning for all would not be possible. This sparked the long journey that continues to create a better environment, new technology to help children with special needs, and gives these students the ability to succeed.