PARADISE LOST ( 1667)
In Milton's Heaven, God sits on his throne surrounded by the nine orders of angels; the tenth one, who revolted under Satan, has been hurled down into a dreadful real, Hell, which is below Chaos and is in anthithesis with God's world.
At the beginning of the poem, Satan is represented as an epic hero.
I extremely liked this poem because, through the text, the poet has succeded in transmitting me the attitudes and the emotions of the characters. I liked too when Satan and God spoke one against the other; it made me feel like if I was in the story with them.
Daniel Defoe was bon in 1660 into a family of Dissenters, a Protestant sect which refused the authority of the Church of England. He becaem a weel-paid intellectual by writing political essays and pamphlets up till the reign of Queen Anne.
In 1719 he published his first novel, Robinson Crusoe, which was followed by Captain Singleton in 1720. In 1722 he published Moll Flanders and Colonel Jack.
This novel is based on the real experiences of Alexander Selkirk, a seaman who in 1704 was put ashore on a desert island in the Pacific Ocean.
THE MIDDLE-CLASS HERO
Roninson Crusoe belongs to the middle class. What He has in common with the classical heroes of travel literature is his restless, the search of his own identity in alternative to the model provided by his father.
The novel is full of religious references to God, Providence and salvation. The setting of the most of the story is the ideal place for Robinson to prove his qualities, to demonstrate that he deserved to be saved by God's Providence.