Revolutions in Technology By: Kefentse Cason

Past: The Industrial Revolution


Why Britain? Britain had resources and they were wealthy. They also had colonies everywhere and there capital was investing money.

Agricultural improvements, like the seed drill, mixed soils, and dikes led to more food which led to the big population explosion.

Seed drill
Mixed soils
A dike is a wall that holds back the ocean.

Since there was a population explosion there were more people and more people means you need more goods to go out. Also, people were looking for work.

Technological Developments

The Flying Shuttle, the Spinning Jenny, the coal powered steam engine, powered steam boats, and the steam powered locomotive which led to the beginning of railroads were all technological advancements that came out of the revolution.

The Flying Shuttle helped the weaving process when it came to cloth.
The coal powered steam engine powered many different things, like the train.
The Spinning Jenny helped the spinning process when it came to cloth.
The powered steam boat helped transport people and/or cargo across bodies of water.

Positive Effects on Society during the Revolution

  • Powered steam boats
  • Man-made waterways
  • Spinning Jenny
  • Flying Shuttle
  • Coal powered steam engine
  • Agricultural improvements=more food
"The Industrial Revolution was another one of those extraordinary jumps forward in the story of civilization". -Stephen Gardiner

Negative Effects on Society during the Revolution

  • Polluted air
  • Pounding noise of steam engines
  • No sewage or sanitation system
  • Working hours were long in the factory (12 to 16 hours)
  • Workers suffered accidents from machines that had no safety devices
  • Coal dust destroyed the lungs of miners
  • Textile workers constantly breathed air filled with lint

Present: The Digital Revolution


The Digital Age started with Broadband access, which was high-speed Internet access. Broadband access started when Mark Bush became the first person to get it installed in his home in the UK. He was looking for ways to play longer on games. It took awhile for people to wake up to the technology, but then people stampeded. In 2002, there were fewer than 200,000 broadband users. Four years later, there were 13 million.


Cheap mobile phones allows people to communicate while on the go and before people talked to people long distance on home phones. So more people started to get involved with the movement.


Cloud computing is using a network of remote servers hosted on the internet to store, manage, and process data. People stored there important files in file cabinets in their homes, but they didn't have a way to access them outside of home. So, when the technology was increased with the first PC cloud computing was introduced to people that wanted to access important files outside of home.

Technological Developments

The birth of the Internet, Motorola's first mobile phone, IBM's first PC, and Apple's iPad are all technological developments that came out of the revolution.

The Internet is a vast computer network linking smaller computer networks worldwide. The Internet allows us to research info, keep in touch with relatives, and to entertain us when we're bored.
Motorola's first mobile phone could travel with you, so you could communicate with people on the go.
IBM's first PC performs calculations, stores info, and retrieves data and processes info.

Positive Effects on Society during the Revolution

  • Education
  • Communication
  • Global innovations
  • Provides music
  • Assistive tech for special needs

Negative Effects on Society during the Revolution

  • Social isolation
  • Addiction
  • Lack of privacy
  • Obesity
  • Generation of laziness
  • Obsolete (no longer produced or used)
"The Internet is so big, so powerful and pointless that for some people it is a complete substitute for life". -Andrew Brown

Future: The Transportation Revolution


Air pollution is a worldwide issue, so eco-friendly cars (electric cars) were introduced to the public.

Air pollution

Dreadful commutes and complaints from the people led to inventions that get from point A to point B in a hot second.

Automobiles are going to be driverless soon because businesses don't want to pay drivers money that could be going into their own pocket.

Technological Developments

The Ryno Microcycle, the Hyperloop Subsonic train, and the FlyKly Smart Wheel are all technological developments that are going to come out of this revolution.

The Ryno Microcycle can carry 260lbs of cargo (including you) and go up to 10mph.
The Hyperloop is based on the very high speed transit (VHST) system proposed in 1972 which combines a magnetic levitation train and a low pressure transit tube. The Hyperloop can reduce traveling time by a lot by going 700mph or even more.
The FlyKly Smart Wheel adds an ultra-thin electric motor and intelligent electronics to a normal bike wheel, helping you accelerate more quickly and get up hills.

Positive Effects on Society during the Revolution

  • Faster commutes
  • More eco-friendly cars
  • More Solar power being used
  • Less and less emissions
  • Autonomous vehicles (it's where you take your hands off the wheel and let the car do the driving, but it's still a working progress)
"Not every innovation in transportation is going to come from government or even a large enterprise. There are smart people out there with tools and skills to come up with great ideas". -Anthony Foxx

Negative Effects on Society during the Revolution

  • Jobs being taken away (driverless vehicles)
  • Electricity isn't free for electric vehicles
  • Electric vehicles have a longer recharge time
  • Electric vehicles normally only have 2 seats
  • Electric vehicles usually have a short driving range and speed (50-100 miles) and need to be recharged again

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