The san and Khoikhoi are South African native tribes. The san were hunters while the Khoikhoi were pastoral herders. The Khoikhoi were the first to come contact with the Dutch and given the nickname 'Bushmen'. Today they are know as the Khoisan and are still domestic herders.
1910 Formation of Union of South Africa by British cololnies
The Union of South Africa is the historic predecessor to the present-day Republic of South Africa. It came into being on 31 May 1910 with the unification of four previously separate British colonies: Cape Colony, Natal Colony, Transvaal Colony and Orange River Colony.
1912 African National Congress Founded
Founded on 8 January 1912 by John Langalibalele Dube in Bloemfontein as the South African Native National Congress, its primary mission was to end apartheid and give voting rights to black and mixed race Africans.
1948 National party gain control, Apartheid adopted
The NP was the governing party of South Africa from 1948
1950 Population classified by race, Nelson Mandela begins civil
The Population Registration Act of 1950 required that each inhabitant of South Africa be classified and registered in accordance with his or her racial characteristics as part of the system of apartheid.
1964 ANC leader Nelson Mandela sentenced to life imprisoned
Nelson Mandela received a life sentence for committing sabotage against South Africa's apartheid government, avoiding a possible death sentence.
1994 ANC wins elections, Mandela becomes president
African National Congress won 62% of the votes in the election, and Mandela, as leader of the ANC, was inaugurated on 10 May 1994 as the country's first black President, with the National Party's F.W. de Klerk as his first deputy and Thabo Mbeki as the second in the Government of National Unity.