With urbanization moving people closer together small crimes became an everyday thing for citizens of the Victorian era. The citizens were worried about the rising crime rate in Europe, and this concern brought about changes in the way people were caught, arrested and imprisoned.
During the Victorian era the amount of criminals and convicts exploded to the extremes, this is because of urbanization, and a week police force.
Convicts of the Victorian age where sent to prisons where living conditions where unmoral, unsanitary, and extremely dangerous.
Prisons of the Victorian era can be argued to be the harshest prisons of all time.