The founder was Marcus Garvey , he was a political leader that spread black empowerment. He never believed are followed but he is still considered to be one of the Rasta prophets, by his ideas that eventually grew into Rastafarianism in Kingston ,Jamaica in 1920.
Creator King Haile Selassie of Ethiopia was originally named Ras Tafari before his corronation. He was thought to be the reincarnation of Jesus Christ. even though he is dead Rastafarians see him as never being dead it is all a hoax.
Rastas believe in the Judeo-Christain God, whom they call Jah. Jah is seen as a black God that is incarnated to Haile Selassie.
Rastas don't believe in after life but Africa or Zion as heaven on Earth. True Rastas are to be immortal both physically and spiritually or "everliving".
Rastas try to avoid Babylon, the white power structure of Europe and America that once cruelly enslaved blacks and still continue to hold them down through poverty, illiteracy, inequality, and trickery. The greed and pride of Babylon is contrasted with the humble simplicity and naturalness of the Rastas.
Rastafarian sacred text is the Holy Piby or the "Black Mans Bible".The Holy Piby is a version of the Christian Bible that has been altered to remove all the deliberate distortions that are believed to have been made by white leaders during translition into English.
“In heaven there are few while in hell there are many. But those who are in heaven are the Champions of time who have conquered over sin and slothfulness." ( Rogers 14: 72).
There is also another text the Kebra Negast but it is seen less than the bible.
The Rastafarian Order
The Nyahbinghi Order that focuses on the return to Africa and King Selassie
The Bobo Shanti believed that Jamaican slaves are descended
The Twelve Tribes of Israel allows members are free to worship in a church of their choosing. Each member of this section belongs to one of the 12 Tribes , which is determined by birth month and is represented by a color.
The African religious traditions has heavily influenced the Rastafarianism and biblical religion's belief system.
The use of music is the biggest use of influence and impact .The most famous Rastafari is Bob Marley, whose reggae music gained the Jamaican movement recognition around the world by using Rastafarism to show awareness of being against discrimanation and inequality.
They refer to eachother as I and I meaning of oneness between humanity and God as well as the equality of all humans.
Many of the practices are Jewish biblical Law based. Abstinence from most or all meat, artificial foods, and alcohol.
There is use of marijuana or Ganja, in religious rituals and for medicine use.Ganja is seen as a gateway to understanding. It opens up the mind so as to be open of the connection between oneself and Jah. It is a meditative tool meant to bring about self-realization and mystical experiences.
The lion or Lion of Judah is a symbol of King Selassie of Ethiopia
The dreadlocks are there biggest distinction of following (Levictus 21:5) "not to cut one's hair", the roots of Africa, and appearance of a lions mane.
The flag colors of red being the blood of the dead slaves, green the natural beatuy of Ethiopia and vegetation and gold is to show of the wealth in Africa.
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