The Kingdoms of Africa Jamie COrtright

Ancient Ghana

Ghana is covered in plains and lowlands. Ghana also contains Lake Volta. Ancient Ghana is located in the areas of present day Mauritania, Mali, Senegal, and Guinea.

Ghanaians worshiped many traditional religions; however Islam is also prevalent in the area.

There is salt and gold in the area that they traded with the Arabs in a process called silent barter, or trading without contact. Ghana became very wealthy in this regard. The Arabs, in turn, shared their culture and Islam with them; however, they did not become Muslim.

Ghanaians the spoke Soninke and Mande languages.

Ghana today is a country south of the former civilization's territory and has a sable economy and a constitutional republic.

Ghana also participated in the slave-trade.

“Africa: Ancient Ghana.” The Medieval Ages (330-1629), themedievalages.weebly.com/africa-ancient-ghana.html. Accessed 6 Mar. 2017.

“Ghana Overview.” The World Bank Working for a World Free of Poverty, www.worldbank.org/en/country/ghana/overview. Accessed 7 Mar. 2017.

“Kingdom of Ghana.” Ushistory.org, Independence Hall Association, 2008, www.ushistory.org/civ/7a.asp. Accessed 6 Mar. 2017.

Nederi, Marjan. “Geography - Ancient Ghana.” Google Sites, sites.google.com/site/ancientghana2013/issues. Accessed 3 Mar. 2017.

Ancient Mali

The Civilization of ancient Mali was inside the territories of modern day Mali, Mauritania, Guinea, Senegal, The Gambia, Burkina Faso, and Cote D'lvoire. They made their civilization on the Niger River and on the Sahel.

The Religion of Mali is majorly, and still is today, Islam.

Mali had a part in the slave trade.

The Malians took over the Ghanaian territory and claimed it's resources. Them being: gold and salt.

Mansa Musa was the most famous and well liked Malian emperor as he made a pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

Mali used to have caste system based on jobs. Farmers were the most respected of the castes.

Modern day Mali is fixated in the area of ancient Mali. It is a third world country with a sable Economy and is a Semi-Presidential Republic.

“Ancient Africa.” Ducksters Educational Site, www.ducksters.com/history/africa/empire_of_ancient_mali.php. Accessed 7 Mar. 2017.

“Ancient Mali Gold Trade Routes.” Ancient Mali Trade Routes vs. European Trade Routes, malitradevseuropeantrade.weebly.com/ancient-mali-gold-trade-routes.html. Accessed 7 Mar. 2017

“Mali Home.” The World Bank Working for a World Free of Poverty, www.worldbank.org/en/country/mali. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

“The World Factbook: MALI.” Central Intelligence Agency, Central Intelligence Agency, 12 Jan. 2017, www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ml.html. Accessed 8 Mar. 2017.

Songhai

Songhai lies on the Rain forests, deserts, and Sahel regions between Senegal, The Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Guinea, Nigeria, and Benin.

The people of Songhai are majorly Islam.

They often traded the gold and salt in the area and slaves. Strangely enough, if a slave or prisoner of war converts to Islam, they can't be sold.

The life of Songhai people was based on traditional beliefs and Muslim belief.

Songhai is no longer around as of today. The area is still predominantly Muslim

“Geography.” Songhai Empire, songhaiempire1.weebly.com/geography.html. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

Mads. “Songhai, African Empire, 15-16th Century.” Mads, 8 Nov. 2011, www.sahistory.org.za/topic/songhai-african-empire-15-16th-century. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

“Songhai Empire.” Songhai Empire - New World Encyclopedia, www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Songhai_Empire. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

“Ancient Africa.” Ducksters Educational Site, www.ducksters.com/history/africa/songhai_empire.php. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

Ancient Benin

Ancient Benin was located in the swamps and forests of modern day Benin and Togo

Benin had religious freedom. the population was majorly Muslim, Christian, or worshiped traditional beliefs.

Benin did not participate in the Atlantic Slave Trade, but they did trade slaves with nearby tribes, along with their crops.

Benin, as most African Cultures did, did not write down their history. instead they spoke their history, Benin also had a strong art culture with wood carvings, staues and mass.

Modern Benin is located in the east side of the Kingdom. It has a Free Market Economy and a Presidential Republic.

“Ancient AfricanKingdom of Benin.” The Fascinating Kingdom of Benin - Ancient Africa for Kids, africa.mrdonn.org/benin.html. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

“Benin Kingdom/Edo State Religions.” Benin Kingdom/Edo State Religions, www.edoworld.net/EdotourismReligion.html. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

revealinghistories.org.uk/colonialism-and-the-expansion-of-empires/articles/the-empire-of-benin-and-its-cultural-heritage.html. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

“Revealing Histories: Remembering Slavery.” The Empire of Benin and Its Cultural Heritage | Revealing Histories,

Credits:

Created with images by charlie cars - "My class in Ghana" • samurai_dave - "IMG_8455" • 300td.org - "Amazing rock formations" • upyernoz - "CEDRHAB, Timbuktu" • 300td.org - "Mali 431" • Sharon Mollerus - "Plaque with single figure, 16-17th century, Edo peoples, Benin Kingdom court style, Nigeria" • KaDeWeGirl - "Head" • ~MVI~ (warped) - "The Streets of Ouidah"

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