HABAKKUK Pre-Exile Prophet(625-590BCE)

*Habakkuk is identified as a Levite of the Southern Kingdom among the elite; a professional prophet.

*one of four 7th century prophets (Jeremiah, Nahum, Zephaniah, Habakkuk)

*Written anywhere between 625-590 (according to the Harper Collins study bible), the time frame may be narrowed further to 608-598 BCE; Just before Judah becomes vassals to B. empire (596)

*by that time, Israel had already been conquered by the Assyrians for over one hundred years (722/721).

Babylon overpowers Assyria and it's focus is Egypt; Babylon defeats Egypt at Carchemish (608)

*The Book of Habakkuk has a couple of Prophetic Formulas:

Vision Reports (1.1, 2.2, 3.3-15)

5 Woe Oracles (2.6-8, 2.9-11, 2.12-14, 2015-17, 2.18-20).

Vision Report Formulas:

(1.1) The oracle that the prophet Habakkuk saw.

(2.2) Then the Lord answered me and said: Write the vision; make it plain on tablets, so that a runner may read it.

The 2 Questions:

Question #1 to God (1.2-4): When will you act on those Judean social injustices? "The law becomes slack, and the justice never prevails." (v.4)

Answer (1.5-11): I am raising up the Chaldeans as we speak! "For I am rousing the Chaldeans, that fierce and impetuous people". (V.6a)

Question #2 (1.12-17): The Chaldeans?! They are not as righteous as we are! "Why do you look on the treacherous, and are silent when the wicked swallow those more righteous than they?" (v.13b)

Answer (2.2-5): The righteous rely on me and will live! "Look at the proud! Their spirit is not right in them, but the righteous live by their faith."

5 Woe Oracles:

Alas for you who...

1st Woe oracle (2.6-8): Woe to you who steal from others...you will be their booty.

2nd woe oracle (2.9-11): Woe to you who strive evil for household gains...the very walls of the house will reproach you.

3rd woe oracle (2.12-14): Woe to you who build town by bloodshed...wisdom will overcome.

4th woe oracle (2.15-17): Woe to you that force alcohol on your neighbor...God's cup will come around to you!

5th woe oracle (2.18-20): Woe to you who worship idols...Can it teach or talk?!

Theophany Vision Report

(3.3-15) The day of the Lord here is called the day of great damage or distress. Habakkuk recognizes the Lord's mighty works in his creation -sun, moon, stars, mountains, rivers, etc.- and power through pestilence, earthquakes and all other forms of destruction used against enemies of Israel. Habakkuk pleads to the Lord "to come upon the people who attack [Judah]" (3.16c)

Declaration of Trust in God (3.16-19): Although nothing seems to go right, I believe that you are in charge and will act in your own time (righteous live by their faith (2.4)

Created By
Alejandro Canizales

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