Diabetes By: Elizabeth and Rachel

What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes is when the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin. Insulin is needed to store and burn the sugar in food properly. When there isn’t enough insulin in your body, the body can’t use or store sugar properly.

This makes those who have it to lose weight and drink more. The disease also causes decreased blood flow to the limbs and this can cause gangrene.

Causes

If you eat too much of the wrong food, then the pancreas can’t metabolize it and you have to take insulin supplements. Carbs and sweets can do this to you.

It is also passed genetically. If several members of your family have diabetes, you have a higher risk of getting it.

How The Disease Is Inherited

The chromosomes that pass diabetes are chromosomes 7 and 11. It is both dominant and recessive. It is sex linked.

Treatment

People with diabetes can get insulin shots or take medicine by mouth that simulates the pancreas to make it’s own insulin. Diet and exercise can help too.

How Do You Know You Have Diabetes?

Slow healing cuts, complications due to high blood sugar and heart problems.

How Common Is It?

About 29.1 million people in the US have been diagnosed with diabetes. It is estimated that 8.1 million people have diabetes and don’t know.

There are more than 3 million US cases per year. Anyone can get diabetes based on lifestyle choices.

What Did We Learn?

We learned that diabetes is more common than we previously thought and that it is more than genetics.

Credits:

Created with images by TesaPhotography - "diabetes finger glucose"

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