2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami

In 2004, the Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami occurred off the west coast of Indonesia, and this effected 14 countries. The undersea earthquake was caused by the subduction of the Indian plate, and this prompted a series of tsunamis.
"It was horrible. The waves were floating around me and I got pulled under the water. I hung on to a fridge and then a nail got stuck in my foot but I managed to get out. I managed to get hold of my son's hand and reach safety. There are about 30 of us Europeans stuck here with water all around us, with crocodiles and the like surrounding us. We can't get out. No-one knows we are here." -Duncan Ridgeley, from Hertfordshire, in Sri Lanka

This natural disaster was considered on of the most destructive catastrophes and resulted in 280,000 deaths, but the country that was hit severely was Indonesia. The fracture of the earthquake was more than 600 miles long, causing a 9.1 magnitude earthquake being the largest in 40 years. Within hours of this treacherous earthquake, a series of aggressive tsunamis occurred and destroying many homes from east Africa to Indonesia. Since this tsunami happened so abruptly, there were no tsunami warnings so the people in those countries were caught off guard. This not only effect the people, but it also effected the environment. There was a contamination of solid waste and disaster debris in the water, so this made the living situation unsanitary and it made catching diseases easier. In conclusion, this natural disaster was considered the most tragic catastrophe in the early 2000s.

Credits:

Created with images by DFAT photo library - "Damage in Nias from the December 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami. Indonesia 2005. Photo: AusAID" • DFAT photo library - "Sourcing wood for temporary shelters"

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