Vietnam Timeline ALi HIryama

!945-1955

Ho Chi Minh

He helped found the Indochinese Communist Party in 1930 and the League for the Independence of Vietnam, or Viet Minh, in 1941. At World War II’s end, Viet Minh forces seized the northern Vietnamese city of Hanoi and declared a Democratic State of Vietnam (or North Vietnam) with Ho as president.

Mao Zedong

Mao Tse-tung was the principal Chinese Marxist theorist, soldier and statesman who led his nation's Cultural Revolution. Born on December 26, 1893, in Shaoshan, Hunan Province, China, Mao Tse-tung served as chairman of the People's Republic of China from 1949 to 1959

French Indochina

France progressively carved for itself a huge colony, which would form French Indochina in 1887. France continued to rule Vietnam as a colony until France's defeat in the First Indochina War and the proclamation of Vietnam's independence in 1954.

North Vietnam

The Vietnam War began as a civil conflict that pitted the North Vietnamese Communist government and the South Vietnamese Communist rebels known as the Viet Cong against the non-Communist South Vietnamese government.

South Vietnam

South Vietnam, officially the Republic of Vietnam, was a state governing the southern half of Vietnam from 1955 to 1975.

1956

Dwight D. Eisenhwer

In 1953 he orchestrated an armistice that brought peace to South Korea's border. Also that year, Eisenhower made his famous "Atoms for Peace" speech at the United Nations General Assembly.

1961-1963

Ngo Ding Diem

Ngo Dinh Diem was leader of Vietnam from 1955 until his assassination in 1963. His heavy-handed rule and resulting ouster paved the way to the Vietnam War.

Viet Cong

the Viet Cong became in 1960 the military arm of the National Liberation Front (NLF). In 1969 the NLF joined other groups in the areas of South Vietnam that were controlled by the Viet Cong to form the Provisional Revolutionary Government (PRG). The movement’s principal objectives were the overthrow of the South Vietnamese government and the reunification of Vietnam.

1964-1968

United states

The U.S. government viewed its involvement in the war as a way to prevent a communist takeover of South Vietnam.

Lyndon John

Became president after JFK was assasinated. In 1965, Johnson pushed a sweeping legislative agenda known as the "Great Society," which would become the most ambitious and far-reaching domestic program in the nation's history.

1969- 1975

Richard Nixon

Born on January 9, 1913, in Yorba Linda, California, Richard Nixon was a Republican congressman who served as vice president under Dwight D. Eisenhower. Nixon was the 37th U.S. president and the only commander-in-chief to resign from his position, after the 1970s Watergate scandal.

China

brief border war fought between the People's Republic of China and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam in early 1979.

Terms

Domino theory

he theory that a political event in one country will cause similar events in neighboring countries, like a falling domino causing an entire row of upended dominoes to fall.

Geneva conference

arranged a settlement which brought about an end to the First Indochina War. The agreement was reached at the end of the Geneva Conference.

Gulf of Tonkin

The Gulf of Tonkin incident, also known as the USS Maddox incident, drew the United States more directly into the Vietnam War. It involved two separate confrontations involving North Vietnam and the United States in the waters of the Gulf of Tonkin.

Ho Chi Minh Trail

The Hồ Chí Minh trail was a logistical system that ran from the Democratic Republic of Vietnam to the Republic of Vietnam through the kingdoms of Laos and Cambodia

Guerrilla warfare

Guerrilla warfare is a very unconventional style of warfare; it refers to small conflicts where groups of stealthy combatants use the element of surprise to eliminate the opponent.

Napalm

Napalm is a flammable liquid used in warfare. It is a mixture of a gelling agent and either gasoline (petrol) or a similar fuel.

Agent Orange

Agent Orange is a herbicide and defoliant chemical. It is widely known for its use by the U.S. military as part of its herbicidal warfare program, Operation Ranch Hand, during the Vietnam War from 1961 to 1971.

Tet offensive

The Tet Offensive was one of the largest military campaigns of the Vietnam War, launched on January 30, 1968, by forces of the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese People's Army of Vietnam against the forces

Credits:

Created with images by Nguyen Duc Loi - "Peaceful morning, Hoi An, Vietnam"

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