The Growth of a New Era From 1920's-1930's

The Great Depression impacted Americans on many levels. From their home life, to what they did for pleasure, to the economy, and the government, this period in time affected many aspects of life. And affected many different types of people. From farmers to rich people, each and every single person was impacted by the Great Depression, in both small ways and big. Focusing on 2 groups, women and African Americans, we are able to learn how much people struggled.

But what drastically changed was what people did for fun. Leisures from the 1920’s to the 1930’s changed a lot. The 1920s was a time of new inventions, also known as modern conveniences. These new tools helped improve life of the average American. People would also go out and have fun, from drinking to new types of dancing, many risks were being taken, some not always approved by elders. The time of Prohibition affected America in a big way. Many were against drinking altogether which they there for were in favor of this added law. But then there were those that went against it. As the 1930s came along, there were not any flappers and speakeasies. Instead, women gathered the family around to listen to the radio or went out to see a new motion-picture. African Americans resorted to playing jazz and making music. These activities were used to escape the reality of despair.

African Americans Playing Music

The A.A. group is greatly known for its jazz. The Harlem Renaissance allowed A.A. to be creative throughout the 20s & 30s.

Fun Ads for Everyday Products

Even though this is just an add for food, this is an example of how people spent time away from reality. They used fantasies to combine with the real-world.

Movie that Represented Hard Times During

A motion-picture that didn't allow people to escape their lives. Instead this provided and came face-to-face with the present problems.

Flappers in the 20s

The rebellious women retreated away from their "flapper days" and now aren't as expressive.

Family Gathered Around Radio

The radio was the perfect time for family get-togethers. FDR used this technology a lot to get in touch with this citizens.

The 1920s held three Republican Presidents worthy of controlling this country. Hoover ended up winning, and this was the start of a very hard beginning. During this time, the government influenced many to create new business..because why not! But in the 1930s, once the stock market crashed, women worked hard day and night, scavenging for food for her children. And African Americans fought discrimination left and right. The economy was not in good shape. Children sat on dirty porch steps next to a “for-sale” sign. That is how sad it was. African Americans fought for freedom rights by protesting and so were women. They both went out onto the streets chanting their belief in what needed to be changed. An army, that became known as the “Bonus Army”, fight Hoover to pay them for the work they had done. He refused, and they continued to fight until satisfied. The government has control over its citizens. So where was the government during this time? Well President Hoover was thankfully not reelected. And FDR came into play. He came up with a plan called “The New Deal” that gave hope to all Americans about their future. But not only hope, also sincerity and promise. For things were changing and building back up to what the United States used to be like. But the overall depression did not fully heal itself until World War 2 came along.

FDR was Hard at Work

FDR poses for a picture in White House. He is hardworking and making the country thrive.

The New Deal is Announced in Newspapers

The New Deal was fully published for all eyes to see. Whether they liked it or not. The government approved.

People Protesting in What they Believe in

People needed change because there were still people who were not yet pleased, so protesting occurred, so that their voices could be heard.

The Unemployed Lined Up

People who were not in the most ideal income situation lined up to the $ they could receive in banks.

African Americans were constantly on the move. The the 1930s was a time of the Great Migration. They moved from more Northern states to Southern states in search of more opportunities. During this migration, African Americans began to build up their reputation in overcoming the many challenges they received. For example, there was a drought that changed the rural economy, the unfortunate weather impacted people in ways that they had to learn to fight back. They were always beaten down and discriminated by whites and not given the most lovely of places to live. Their living conditions were the poorest of the poor. Some had to camp outside. From this time to the 1920s many upgraded their living, for times in the 1920s before everything went downhill was quite good. As for women, their rebellious days are long gone. With their job to stay at home and worrying about the kids, there was not as much time to have the fun they used to have. The unemployment rate was decreasing due to businesses closing. Women during the 1920s are known for going out and fighting for what’s right. But they were limited. Husbands worked for money, some in working camps, while the mother stayed at home. If you lived in the city, women would be scavenging to find food for their children. But if you were on a farm, you’d help out right there. This is just the way it was. The wealthy held a pretty strong lifestyle when compared to the middle and working class. The middle and working class, had to make do with what they have and continue to work for what they needed. There was an increase in people who migrated, who unfortunately had a harder time finding a stable job. Also in the 1920s, there were those who were very poor, where some would live in horrible conditions nicknamed “Hoovervilles”, due to President Hoover not having the smartest of ways to control the country. And as for food, people resorted to soup kitchens, where people came together to help each other. And of course, there were those that was on the run, running away from their problems, on the rails. So the 1930s held a great deal of movement and change in location.

African Americans on the Move

The Great Migration was done by African Americans. Many moved from Northern to Southern states. They were on the road a lot.

Living Conditions

The conditions people lived in was very unsanitary and food was scarse. People came together to survive.

Mothers At Constant Work

Mothers stayed at home while watching over kids with pressure of trying to stay/ thinking of ways to stay alive. While waiting for husband to get home.

Soup Kitchens Established

Soup Kitchens show how people came together and helped each other during these very hard times.

How the economy was as a whole is a different story. It was harder to make money and there were less jobs available. The farming industry was struggling which means less products were being produced. Consumerism of its people became a thing in the 1920s and the growth of industrial needs increased. The stock market was there for booming, until it crashed and throughout all this, African Americans and women had more opportunities to find places to work. But as for the wealthy, their situation stayed the same throughout the 1920s and 1930s. Their financial situation allowed them to live their life stress free.

The Dust Bowl Destroying Life

The Dust Bowl affected the farm life dramatically. Crops failed. People lost jobs.

Questions About Their Future

The question of the job circuit was a sad question. Many husbands got jobs, but low pay. Children, especially, didn't have the life they deserved.

People had New Hopes Regarding Banks

After the destruction of the stock market crashing. FDR rebuilt it up, by closing it for 4 days. People came back by the persuasion of FDR to trust the government.

African American Living Quarters

African Americans didn't live in the best living conditions. Poverty was very present. And A.A. were not treated as equal as they should.

With better bank systems, jobs, and ways of living, FDR encouraged Americans to go out and live the life they wanted to live. So with all of these different aspects of society we can conclude that throughout the Great Depression, Americans went through many stages of hardships that eventually led to prosperity.

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