STEPPE Mongolia

Climate of the Mongolian-Manchurian Steppe

  • Avg Rainfall: 400 to 450 mm in the east to 150 to 200 mm in the west


  • Average Temperature- 24 degrees fahrenheit
  • Max Temp- 71.6 degrees fahrenheit
  • Min Temp- -25.6 degrees fahrenheit


  • All four seasons, including (but not limited to) strong winds in spring, warm and productive summers, and chilly, windblown winters
  • Wet season ranging generally from July to September

Net Primary Productivity

Latitude(s): between 41° and 52° N

Referring to the original chart in the template for this assignment, the average rainfall for Temperate Grasslands (Cold Winters) is 10-30 inches per year. In the Mongolian-Manchurian Steppe, the average rainfall per year normally ranges from 6-18 inches, depending if you're further East or West.

Soil Quality

Not that great, cold temperatures and unpredictable rainfall makes it challenging to grow crops. Herding is very prevalent, though.

Tarbagan Marmot

The Tarbagan Marmot is an endangered species in Northern and Western Mongolia (in sections of the Mongolian steppe). The closest letter in H.I.P.P.C.O to suit the reason for this animal's population decrease is "O", for over harvesting. The Tarbagan Marmot is endangered due to them being over-hunted. They're made into a traditional dish called "boodog" that's been a traditional dish for centuries.

Banded Elm Bark Beetle

There aren't like any really major invasive species in Mongolia, probably because it's not exactly a place of heavy traffic flow going in and out. One of the only TWO I could find is the Banded Elm Bark Beetle (Scolytus schevyrewi), which is classified as an invasive species and a pest, likely consuming plant life in significant quantities. They were most likely introduced on accident, because there's no real benefit of them being there that would motivate someone to make the effort to introduce them intentionally.

Eurasian Lynx

The Eurasian Lynx's thick fur allows it to survive the harsh cold that frequents this environment. It's tan/brown colored coat allows it to blend in with the wilderness and trees that it climbs, giving it somewhat of a camouflage to unsuspecting prey.


The Argali are a species of free-roaming mountain sheep. Their fur changes colors depending on the season, allowing them to blend better with their environment and be a less obvious target for hunters and predators.

Long-Tailed Ground Squirrel

The Long-Tailed Ground Squirrel does exactly what its name implies, it lives in burrows in the ground. This allows for it to avoid sharp and harsh conditions above the surface, including powerful winds, being killed by predators, etc.


Stipa is a form of grass and one of the most common grass covering the Mongolian-Manchurian Grassland. It is also referred to as "feather grass", "needle grass", and "spear grass", due to its shape and texture.

Festuca Ovina

Also referred to as Sheep's Fescue, or sheep fescue, this species of plant is widespread across Eastern Asia, and was even introduced to North America. This type of plant thrives in mountain plains. It is a common food for caterpillars, butterflies, and moths.

Quercus Mongolica

More commonly referred to as the Mongolian Oak, this tree is prevalent in not only Mongolia, but China, Japan, Korea, amongst other Eastern Asian nations. It's found in drier environments, which is why the Mongolian steppe is the ideal place for it to be, with its lower annual rainfall.

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