Globe Theater By ~ Hannah West P ~ 5

With its marvelous looks, home to many of Shakespeare's greatest plays and fascinating history, the globe theatre has earned the right to be called the most beautiful and historic theatre ever built.

History -

Quote 1: "Shakespeare was one of six shareholders who signed the lease for the new site in 1599. He thus became part of the first group of actor-sharers to also be theater owners. Although this arrangement meant considerable financial risk, it also promised to be profitable if the new theater was a success. The Globe proved to be a wise investment, and it remained a home to Shakespeare’s acting company until the religious reformers known as Puritans closed the theaters in 1642, during the English Civil War"(Lander 4). There were many shareholders of the globe theater, Shakespeare was one of the first to be group sharers and theater owners. There were doubts about the finances for the theater but it all proved to being a good investment. Shakespeare was one of the many to own the globe theater where many plays would be, the investment was doubtful but turned out to be a success for the owners in this deal with shakespeare.

Quote 2: "The brothers Cuthbert and Richard Burbage constructed the theater in 1599 from the timbers of London's first playhouse, called The Theatre. They erected the Globe in the area known as the Bank side on the south side of the River Thames in the suburb of Southwark. Shakespeare owned a modest percentage of the theater and its operations" (Seidel 1). The overall builders of the globe theater were brothers the "Cuthbert's" and Richard burble. It wasn't always called the globe theater it was referred to as just, The Theater. Shakespeare owned most of the theater. The globe theater wasn't owned by only one person but it was put together by people contributing into it. The globe theater was a "fun house" for London.

Quote 3: "The London theater, in Shakespeare’s day, was composed of companies of men and boys (women were not allowed on the Renaissance English stage but were played by young men or boys) who performed in public playhouses roughly modeled on old innards. The theaters were open to the air, had balconies surrounding the pit and stage, and held from two thousand to three thousand people"(Branam 5). In the days where shakespeare lived no women were allowed on the stage of theater if there were characters in the play boys or young men would play as them. The theater was always open air and could hold lots of people. Women were forbidden, by law, to perform in the Elizabethan theatre, therefore there were no actresses at the Globe Theatre. The acting profession was not a credible one and it was unthinkable that any woman would appear in a play. The parts of female characters were played by young boys. These boy actors were usually aged between 13 and 19 years of age when their voices were still high and muscles had not fully developed. The voices of Elizabethan boys were believed to brake much later than the modern day due to differences in diet and lifestyle which made it possible for boy actors to play women’s parts convincingly until they entered their late teens.

Quote 4: "Shakespeare’s company in London prospered. In 1599, it stopped renting theaters and built its own, the Globe, which increased company profits. The company was a favorite of the reigning monarchs, who paid well for special performances at court—first Elizabeth I, then, after 1603, James I, who loved the theater even more and renamed Shakespeare’s company the King’s Men. The company also began performing most of the plays of Ben Jonson, who ranked second only to Shakespeare and who excelled at satiric comedy. Shakespeare turned to tragedy, first writing Julius Caesar (pr. c. 1599–1600) and Hamlet, Prince of Denmark (pr. c. 1600–1601) and then one after another–Othello, the Moor of Venice (pr. 1604), King Lear (pr. c. 1605–1606), Macbeth (pr. 1606), and Antony and Cleopatra (pr. c. 1606–1607)"(Branam 11). Shakespeare company was successful, he was not a full owner of a theater at the time but eventually stopped renting it and built one he could call his own the globe theater. Shakespeare had a company which was made very successful, someone was even somewhat inspired by shakespeare company and had it renamed into something that was even better. The theater started with plays that were popular of shakespeare's work .


Quote 1:

"During a performance of Henry VIII in June 1613 at the Globe Theatre, Southwark, London, the building's thatch caught fire and the theater was destroyed"(Henry VIII 2). The theater was destroyed after an accident during the play of Henry VIII,it was a fire hazard because of the way it was built with the thatched roof, wood seating and interior. The Globe Theatre Fire. In 1613, the Globe was destroyed by fire on the 29th of June. During the play, Henry the V a small spark from a cannon accidently caught the roof on fire, and in less than an hour the Globe Theatre had burnt to the ground.

The theater burnt down so quickly due to the dry vegetation towards the roof

Quote 2:

"The Globe was round or polygonal on the outside and probably round on the inside. The theater may have held as many as 3,000 spectators. Its stage occupied the open-air space, with a pit in front for standing viewers. The stage was surrounded by several levels of seating"(Seidel 2).The theater in London was not a enclosed theater, there was no roof if it rained the plays would be cancelled. The theater was round, it could hold lots of people who wanted to watch the plays, there were sitting and standing views there were more than one level of seating in the theater. The theater was somewhere where a lot of people went it was something people would go to do, the theater was very detailed. Most people would be close to the actors if they chose to stand, and close to the stage.

Quote 3:

"The Globe is shown as a round building However, in 1997-98, the uncovering of a small part of the Globe's foundation suggested that it was a polygon of 20 (or possibly 18) sides. It was a three-story, open-air amphitheatre between 97 and 102 feet in diameter that could house up to 3,000 spectators"(Anderson 3). The Globe was never for sure on a definite shape, after some time they figured it was a polygon of many sides. It could hold many people and had lots of people who came to watch the play that were showing.The Globe was built as a large, round, open air theatre. There was a roof around the circumference which covered the seating area, leaving the theatre looking like a doughnut from above. At the base of the stage was an area called “the pit” which held “the groundlings” – people who paid just a penny to stand and watch a performance.


Quote 1:

"Henry V is a five-act historical play by the English dramatist William Shakespeare. Its full title is King Henry V. It was written and performed in 1599, possibly the first Shakespeare play staged at the Globe Theater, owned by Shakespeare and his acting company, in the Southwark borough of London"(Seidel 1). Henry V the play was a very popular play that was historical it was one of the first plays at the theater. shakespeare owned the globe theater in London. The play King Henry V was a very well known play that was one of the first which made it known and popular. It was directed by William shakespeare and produced by him, he was very successful.

Quote 2:

"Richard II is a five-act history play by the English dramatist William Shakespeare. Its full title is The Life and Death of King Richard II. It was probably written in 1595 and belongs to the second period of Shakespeare's development as a playwright. It was first published in 1597. Richard II is one of a series of plays Shakespeare wrote that deal with English history. One of its scenes, left out of its first versions but included later, contains a controversial discussion about the deposing of a monarch"(Richard II). Richard II is another play that was written by William Shakespeare, and performed at the globe theater it was one of the five-act history plays. Shakespeare's plays were all mainly performed by actors at the globe theater where many people came to watch. Shakespeare had many plays in which he wrote he had two different periods of playwright for the globe theater. The play Richard II is one of a series of plays that was with English History.

Quote 3:

"Throughout the 1590’s, Shakespeare’s reputation continued to grow. From 1594 to 1608, he was fully involved in the London theater world. In addition to his duties as a sharer and actor in the Lord Chamberlain’s Men, he wrote an average of almost two plays a year for his company. During much of this period, Shakespeare ranked as London’s most popular playwright, based on the number of times his plays were performed and published. But his reputation was largely that of a popular playwright, not of a writer of unequaled genius"(Lander 2). Shakespeare did not begin fully involved with the theater as his reputation continued to expand. He wrote plays every year not so often, He was one of London's most popular playwrights.The Globe theater was composed of many plays which were mostly directed by William shakespeare he played an important role in the globe theater. He was fully involved in the London theater, "The Globe Theater" for many years.

Works Cited

Anderson, Erin. “Shakespeare’s Globe Theater.” Booklist 110.3 (2013): 64. Literary Reference Center. Web. 9 Dec. 2016.

. Branam, Harold. “William Shakespeare.” Salem Press Biographical Encyclopedia (2016): Topic Overviews 6-12. Web. 8 Dec. 2016.

MLA:Lander, Jesse M. “Shakespeare, William.” World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 9 Dec. 2016.

MLA:“Richard II.” World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 9 Dec. 2016.

MLA:Seidel, Michael. “Henry V.” World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 9 Dec. 2016.

MLA:Seidel, Michael. “Globe Theatre.” World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 8 Dec. 2016.


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