Southern Africa Pages 377-396

Landforms and Bodies of water

  • One of them is Plateus
  • Another one is the Kalibria desert
  • The last one is Drakenburg Mountains
  1. One body of water is the Niagria Falls
  2. Another body of water is the Orange river
  3. The last body of water is the Indian ocean

The Indian Ocean

The tropic of Capricorn crosses the middle of Southern Africa. Northern Angola and northern Mozambique have a tropical wet-dry climate.

All of south Africa have climates that are moderate and are marked by extreme temperatures. Summer days in south africa reach to about 70 degrees to 90 degrees.

  1. Much of Botswana are arid.
  2. The fog and dew provide small plants with the moisture they need to survive.

They are not generally hot because it is surrounded by water.

The natural resources in south Africa are platinum, gold, and chromium. .

  1. The resources are platinum, chromium, and gold.
  2. Other ones are coal, iron, and ore.
  1. Some energy resources are coal, and gas.
  2. Another one is river.
  1. Some of the resources are tin, zinc, copper, gold, silver, and uranium.
  2. Gold and silvered are mined.
  1. The wildlife is giraffes, lions, and zebras.

It effects the it because it makes forests disappear.

History of Southern Africa-Rise of Kingdoms

  1. Southern Africa's indiguoes people have inhabitabited.
  1. Around the year a.d. 900, the Shona people built a wealthy and powerful kingdom in what is now Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
  2. The capital was a city called Great Zimbabwe.
  1. In the late 1400's, the Shona conquered the region between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers from Zimbabwe to the coats of Mozambique.
  2. The Portugese arrived and took over the coastal trade.
  1. The Zulu leader Shaka united his people in the early 1800s to form the Zulu Empire.
  2. He built a powerful army too.
  1. The first settlements were trading posts and supply stations at which ships could stop on their way to and from Asia.
  1. One exception was Cape Colony, founded by the Dutch.
  1. Wars in Europe gave Britain control of the Cape Colony.
  1. Britian gained control over what is now Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and Botwana.

Britian

  1. French rule in Madagascar ended in 1960, making it the first Southern African country to gain independence.
  1. While other Europeans nations gave up their African colonies.
  1. Rhodesia's African population demanded the right to vote.
  1. The growth of South Africa's mining and other industries depend on the labor of black African's.
  2. English South Africans controlled the government until the end of World War ll.
  3. The ANC easily won elections held in 1994, and Mandela became the countries president.

Lesson 3

  1. As in other regions of africa, life differs from city to country side.
  1. Southern's Africa's countries vary widely in population
  2. Fewer 2 million people live in small countries of Lesotho.
  3. Surrounds both of them.
  1. Africans are not a single people.
  2. Southern Africa is home to many ethnic and culutural groups who speak several different languages.
  3. Shona people make up 80% of the population of the country of Zimbabwe.
  1. Africa's colonial past has also influenced its people religous beliefs.
  2. In almost every country, most people are Christian's.

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