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Repentance & Forgiveness teaching notes

Where does sin come from?

Genesis 3

James 1:13-15

The choice to rebel against God

Today, if you hear his voice, do not harden your hearts. see to it, brothers, that none of you has a sinful, unbelieving heart that turns away from the living god. heb. 3:7-8, 12 (NIV)

What sin is not...

An oops,

A character flaw,

A bad habit,

A mistake or

A trap

How does God see sin?

Sin is a choice to separate oneself from God… the choice to rebel against God’s boundaries.

Why?

God hates sin because...

1) It separates us from him (Isa. 59:2).

2) It blinds us to the truth (1 John 2:11).

3) It enslaves and destroys us (Rom. 6:16).

SIN DESTROYS RELATIONSHIP with God and others. SIN DESTROYS LIFE. SIN DESTROYS GIFTING AND FUTURE CALLING. SIN DESTROYS FAMILIES. SIN DESTROYS CREATION.

How do you see sin?

Something to be avoided?

Something I will always struggle with?

Something I hate (because I love God so much)?

We sin because we love it more than God. We love the feeling of power and relief it brings (though momentary). We love our rebellion. We need to acknowledge this truth. otherwise, we will always excuse our sin as unavoidable.

What is God's standard?

Also see Psalm 92:15

Who has sinned?

Even our best attempts are as filthy rags before God. Isa. 64:6.

If we deny that we have sinned, we are lying. 1 John 1:8-10.

What is Repentance?

Repentance is commanded as sin is revealed to us. (Mark 1:15; Acts 2:38; Deut. 29:29)

Repentance is to turn away from sin in your thinking and action and turn to Jesus. It is a 180 degree turn in the opposite direction from sin.

What is remorse?

the confession of sin with selfish motives (i.e. got caught, don't like the feeling of guilt, don't want to look bad, fear of punishment)

Remorse, or false repentance, is choosing to roll around in poo and asking Jesus to not let the poo stick to you.

What is real repentance?

Taking full responsibility for your sin - acknowledging this in words and in the turn around of your lifestyle. real repentance backs up the words with the right actions. Remember - "faith without deeds is dead" (James 2:26).
Real repentance is gaining god's heart over your sin... experiencing the brokenness of your sin... grieving over how you have grieved god's heart (PSalm 51:17).
real repentance involves a commitment to make things right (i.e. to pay back what you owe, to ask forgiveness, to right the wrong). this is called restitution (Luke 19:8).

Intimacy with God

Fulfilment of calling and destiny in life.

Real knowledge that you are free. You walk with lightness in your spirit. The weight has been lifted.

What should we repent from?

Lists of Sins from the Bible

Mark 7:20-23 - "He went on: “What comes out of a man is what makes him ‘unclean.’ For from within, out of men’s hearts, come evil thoughts, sexual immorality, theft, murder, adultery, greed, malice, deceit, lewdness, envy, slander, arrogance and folly. All these evils come from inside and make a man ‘unclean" (NIV).
1 Corinthians 6:9-10 - "Do you not know that the wicked will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived: Neither the sexually immoral nor idolaters nor adulterers nor male prostitutes nor homosexual offenders nor thieves nor the greedy nor drunkards nor slanderers nor swindlers will inherit the kingdom of God" (NIV).
EPHESIAN 4:29 - 5:7 - "Do not let any unwholesome talk come out of your mouths, but only what is helpful for building others up according to their needs, that it may benefit those who listen. And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, with whom you were sealed for the day of redemption. Get rid of all bitterness, rage and anger, brawling and slander, along with every form of malice. Be kind and compassionate to one another, forgiving each other, just as in Christ God forgave you. Be imitators of God, therefore, as dearly loved children and live a life of love, just as Christ loved us and gave himself up for us as a fragrant offering and sacrifice to God. But among you there must not be even a hint of sexual immorality, or of any kind of impurity, or of greed, because these are improper for God’s holy people. Nor should there be obscenity, foolish talk or coarse joking, which are out of place, but rather thanksgiving. For of this you can be sure: No immoral, impure or greedy person–such a man is an idolater–has any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God. Let no one deceive you with empty words, for because of such things God’s wrath comes on those who are disobedient. Therefore do not be partners with them" (NIV).
1 Timothy 1:9-11 - "We also know that law is made not for the righteous but for lawbreakers and rebels, the ungodly and sinful, the unholy and irreligious; for those who kill their fathers or mothers, for murderers, for adulterers and perverts, for slave traders and liars and perjurers–and for whatever else is contrary to the sound doctrine that conforms to the glorious gospel of the blessed God, which he entrusted to me" (NIV).
Romans 1:21-32 - "For although they knew God, they neither glorified him as God nor gave thanks to him, but their thinking became futile and their foolish hearts were darkened. Although they claimed to be wise, they became fools and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images made to look like mortal man and birds and animals and reptiles. THEREFORE GOD GAVE THEM OVER IN THE SINFUL DESIRES OF THEIR HEARTS TO SEXUAL IMPURITY FOR THE DEGRADING OF THEIR BODIES WITH ONE ANOTHER. THEY EXCHANGED THE TRUTH OF GOD FOR A LIE, AND WORSHIPED AND SERVED CREATED THINGS RATHER THAN THE CREATOR–WHO IS FOREVER PRAISED. AMEN. BECAUSE OF THIS, GOD GAVE THEM OVER TO SHAMEFUL LUSTS. EVEN THEIR WOMEN EXCHANGED NATURAL RELATIONS FOR UNNATURAL ONES. IN THE SAME WAY THE MEN ALSO ABANDONED NATURAL RELATIONS WITH WOMEN AND WERE INFLAMED WITH LUST FOR ONE ANOTHER. MEN COMMITTED INDECENT ACTS WITH OTHER MEN, AND RECEIVED IN THEMSELVES THE DUE PENALTY FOR THEIR PERVERSION. FURTHERMORE, SINCE THEY DID NOT THINK IT WORTHWHILE TO RETAIN THE KNOWLEDGE OF GOD, HE GAVE THEM OVER TO A DEPRAVED MIND, TO DO WHAT OUGHT NOT TO BE DONE. THEY HAVE BECOME FILLED WITH EVERY KIND OF WICKEDNESS, EVIL, GREED AND DEPRAVITY. THEY ARE FULL OF ENVY, MURDER, STRIFE, DECEIT AND MALICE. THEY ARE GOSSIPS, SLANDERERS, GOD-HATERS, INSOLENT, ARROGANT AND BOASTFUL; THEY INVENT WAYS OF DOING EVIL; THEY DISOBEY THEIR PARENTS; THEY ARE SENSELESS, FAITHLESS, HEARTLESS, RUTHLESS. ALTHOUGH THEY KNOW GOD’S RIGHTEOUS DECREE THAT THOSE WHO DO SUCH THINGS DESERVE DEATH, THEY NOT ONLY CONTINUE TO DO THESE VERY THINGS BUT ALSO APPROVE OF THOSE WHO PRACTICE THEM" (NIV).
Revelation 21:8 - "But the cowardly, the unbelieving, the vile, the murderers, the sexually immoral, those who practice magic arts, the idolaters and all liars–their place will be in the fiery lake of burning sulfur. This is the second death” (NIV).

FORGIVENESS

Matthew 6:14-15 - "For if you forgive men when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. But if you do not forgive men their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins" (NIV).
Matthew 18:32-35 - “Then the master called the servant in. ‘You wicked servant,’ he said, ‘I canceled all that debt of yours because you begged me to. Shouldn’t you have had mercy on your fellow servant just as I had on you? ’ In anger his master turned him over to the jailers to be tortured, until he should pay back all he owed. 'This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother from your heart.'" (NIV).
Luke 6:37-38 - “Do not judge, and you will not be judged. Do not condemn, and you will not be condemned. Forgive, and you will be forgiven. Give, and it will be given to you. A good measure, pressed down, shaken together and running over, will be poured into your lap. For with the measure you use, it will be measured to you" (NIV).
Luke 23:34 - "Jesus said, 'Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing'" (NIV).
Ephesians 4:32 - "Be kind and compassionate to one another, forgiving each other, just as in Christ God forgave you" (NIV).

Luke 7:36-38 - "Now one of the Pharisees invited Jesus to have dinner with him, so he went to the Pharisee’s house and reclined at the table. When a woman who had lived a sinful life in that town learned that Jesus was eating at the Pharisee’s house, she brought an alabaster jar of perfume, and as she stood behind him at his feet weeping, she began to wet his feet with her tears. Then she wiped them with her hair, kissed them and poured perfume on them" (NIV).

Luke 7:39 - "When the Pharisee who had invited him saw this, he said to himself, “If this man were a prophet, he would know who is touching him and what kind of woman she is–that she is a sinner" (NIV).

Luke 7:47 - "Therefore, I tell you, her many sins have been forgiven–for she loved much. But he who has been forgiven little loves little" (NIV).

James 2:12-13 - "Speak and act as those who are going to be judged by the law that gives freedom, because judgment without mercy will be shown to anyone who has not been merciful. Mercy triumphs over judgment" (NIV)!
What is forgiveness? It is acknowledging that you have been wronged. From there, we choose to release the offender from the burden of "paying back" the wrong. When we forgive, we release the offender into the hands of God and choose not to hold onto that wrong in our hearts and minds. Forgiveness frees the offender and frees the offended. Until forgiveness happens, the pain of offense in your life remains a festering wound. Forgiveness allow the pain to heal. You won't necessarily forget the pain. But, it will more like the remembering of a scar, rather than experiencing the ongoing pain of an infected wound.

Hindrances to forgiveness

  1. Not choosing to forgive (disobedience) – not understanding that forgiveness is a choice.
  2. We fail to forgive ourselves. So, we don’t forgive others.
  3. Don't feel it, so I won't forgive.
  4. Pride = "You say sorry first."
  5. Not understanding how much you have been forgiven for.
  6. Failure to receive God’s forgiveness

Areas of Forgiveness

  1. Authority (abuse of authority)
  2. Trust (broken trust)
  3. Values (wrong values)
  4. Affection (absent or inappropriate affection)
  5. Presence (absence, neglect)
  6. Acceptance (rejection, pressure to perform)
  7. Communication (damaging words)

Forgiveness is both an event and a process. It is important for us to speak out, "I choose to forgive ___________ for _________________, and how it made me feel ______________________." This is a significant declaration. You won't necessarily feel loving and warm toward the offender at this point. But, you will now need to walk out the process of forgiveness. As you are reminded of the pain, you continually choose to release the person and pray mercy over them. You choose not to bring up the pain again with the person or with yourself in a moment of self-pity. As you walk out the process of forgiveness, the Father brings healing into your heart, mind and emotions.

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