United States of America Mr. Yoder

Location

The United States of America is located in the Northern & Western Hemispheres, on the continent of North America.

The United States is bordered by two countries: Canada and Mexico. It is also bordered by three bodies of water: Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, and Gulf of Mexico.

The capital of the United States is Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C. is located near the eastern coast of the United States (39°N, 77°W)

Physical Features

The United States has many famous physical features, including:

The Mississippi River system includes many tributaries including the Missouri River, Ohio River, Illinois River, Arkansas River, and Red River. Although sources often have conflicting rankings for the largest/longest rivers in the world, the Mississippi River system is typically considered around the fourth largest system in the world.
The Rocky Mountains are the largest mountain range in North America. They stretch 3,000 miles from southern United States to northern Canada. In some areas, the Rockies are 300 miles wide.
The Grand Canyon is one mile deep and up to 277 miles long! Yet there are many canyons in the world that are both deeper and longer.

Climate

The United States of America is primarily in the temperate zone. Places in the temperate zone have four seasons throughout the year: spring, summer, fall and winter. The United States is the third largest country in the world, which means it has a wide variety of climates ranging from tropical (Hawaii) to arctic (northern Alaska).

Population

The United States has 320 million people. It is the third most populated country in the world behind China (1.36 billion) and India (1.29 billion). Although the United States has a large population, it is not very crowded. The population density is pretty low at 91 people per square mile; 178 countries in the world are more crowded than the United States. However, there are large urban areas with higher population densities; 81.6% of the population in the United States lives in urban areas. These are the five largest cities in the United States:

New York City, New York

The population density in New York City is over 28,000 people per square mile, with a total metropolitan population of 19 million people.

Los Angeles, California

The population density of Los Angeles is over 8,000 people per square mile, with a total metropolitan population of 13 million.

Chicago, Illinois

The population density of Chicago is about 12,000 people per square mile, with a total metropolitan population of over 9 million people.

Houston, Texas

The population density of Houston is almost 4,000 people per square mile, with a total metropolitan population of 3 million people.

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

The population density of Philadelphia is about 12,000 people per square mile, with a total metropolitan population of 5 million people.

Population Growth

The fertility rate (average children per woman) for the United States is only 1.87, which is lower than the 2.1 required to maintain a country's population. The population pyramid below reflects our slow growth.

U.S. Population Pyramid

Yet the United States' population is not shrinking. The growth rate is almost 1% per year, which is average, and all of the growth in the United States is due to immigration. The net migration rate is 3.9 people per 1,000, which adds up to over 1 million immigrants added each year. The United States ranks first in the world for accepting immigrants.

Economics

The United States is a developed country based on our income, health, and education. We are ranked 17th in the world for GDP per capita at $57,300. This means we produce a lot of goods and services, which also means that we earn enough income to buy a lot of goods and services. We also have a high life expectancy at 79.8 years. This means that we have access to good food, clean water, sanitation facilities, and medical care. Our literacy rate is 99%, which means that our population is very educated. These three pieces of data support that the United States is a developed country. Because we are so developed, we have a lot of industries in our country:

The largest sector (37%) of the U.S. workforce is in managerial. professional, and technical positions. Sales and office positions employ 24% of the workforce. Manufacturing, extraction, and transportation employ 20% of the workforce. Farming, forestry, and fishing make up less than 1% of the workforce.

Culture

The United States is often referred to as a nation of immigrants; we have a very diverse culture. Because we were founded as a colony of Great Britain, our culture seems more connected to Europe than any other region. For example, 80% of Americans speak english and 75% of Americans identify as Christian, which reflects our British heritage.

Monuments

The United States has many monuments, museums, and historical sights to keep a record of our culture. Here are three monuments that represent important ideas in our nation.

New York City: The Statue of Liberty was a gift from France and it is a symbol of freedom.
South Dakota: Mount Rushmore took about 15 years to sculpt and it is about 60 feet tall. It includes four presidents: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln. These presidents represent significant moments in our history.
St. Louis, Missouri: The St. Louis Arch is 630 feet tall. In fact, it is the world's tallest arch. The arch represents the Gateway to the West (a nickname for St. Louis) because many explorers of the West began their journey from St. Louis.

Sports

The sports industry is worth over $60 billion in North America. The highest ranking sports leagues by revenue are:

National Football League ($13 billion)
Major League Baseball ($10 billion)
National Basketball Association ($5 billion)
National Hockey League ($4 billion)

Entertainment

La La Land

The U.S. entertainment industry generated over $600 billion dollars in revenue in 2016, and accounts for roughly 30% of the global entertainment industry. Movies, television, and music are very influential in American culture.

References

  • Britannica School. Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. Web. May 2016. http://school.eb.com
  • Geography Alive!: Regions and People. Palto Alto, CA: Teacher's Curriculum Institute, 2006. Print.
  • Opicury Software. World Atlas - The World HD (with Retina Maps). Version 3.6. Computer Software. https://itunes.apple.com
  • Wolfram Group LLC. Wolfram Geography Course Assistant. Version 1.2. Computer Software. https://itunes.apple.com

Credits:

Created with images by StuSeeger - "Painted Flag Art" • WikiImages - "north america continent america" • skeeze - "riverboat bridge steamboat" • skeeze - "riverboat bridge steamboat" • skeeze - "bald eagle soaring bird" • Celso Flores - "NY Statue of Liberty" • pamdavila - "mt rushmore mount rushmore dakota" • Falkenpost - "st louis arch monument st louis"

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