Founder of Judaism: The main prophet of Judaism is Abraham and he founded the religion around 1812 BC when the covenant was established between him and God.
Where it was founded: Judaism was founded in the Middle East, during the Bronze Age.
Connections to other religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are all monotheistic regions, and believe in the prophet Abraham. They were also all born in the middle east and evolved from the religion Judaism.
Holy Book: The holy book of Judaism is the Torah and they believe they were given the Torah around 1312 BC to Moses on Mount Sinai. It is the central reference of the Judaic tradition.
Place of worship and Religious Leader: The place of worship is the synagogue. The synagogue is where a Jewish congregation meets for religious worship and instruction. The head of the synagogue is the Rabbi.
Sects of the Religion: Judaism branches off into three other religions known Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform. Orthodox dates back to the Talmud which was the only form of Jewish practice prior to the rise of Judaism. Conservative formed after the German extreme assimilation in which Jews attempt to keep Judaism customs but adapt to modern time. Reform Judaism emerged following the emancipation from ghetto life in the late 18th century. It was intended to modernize Judaism.
Traditions and Holidays: A major tradition in Judaism is a Bar Mitzvah and a Bat MItzvah. A Bar Mitzvah is celebrated when a boy turns 13 and is regarded as ready to observe religious precepts. A Bat Mitzvah is celebrated when a girl turns 12 and one day and is regarded as a age to celebrate reaching religious maturity. Another tradition is Hanukkah and Hanukkah is a 8 day that commemorates the rededication of the Holy Temple. A main tradition in Judaism is Passover, which is a 8 day tradition celebrated in the early spring from the 15th to the 22nd to commemorate the emancipation of the Israelites.
A traditional Bar Mitzvah
By: Jessica Martinez and Blake Mcgrath