James Madison By: lacie Lipke

Battle of Tippecanoe

The battle was forced under Major General William Henry Harrison over Shawnee Indians led by Laulewasikau, known as the Prophet. The battle took place at Prophetstown. The two sides suffered equal losses but the battle was widely known as a U.S. victory. The reason why the battle was fought was because the white settlers of the Indiana territory were very jealous by the increasing activities and power of Tecumseh's followers. Harrison, organized a small army of 1,000 men, hoping to destroy the town while Tecumseh was away.

Cumberland Road (National Highway)

The Cumberland Road built between 1811-1837 was also known as the National Road. Originally served as the main road to the Northwest Territory. The Cumberland Road served as a gateway to the West for thousands of settlers.

War of 1812

The War of 1812 was conflict fought between the United States and Great Britain. The man reason why the War started was because of impressment. Which meant Great Britain began stopping American sea vessels and forcing subjects on the vessels into the British military. Great Britain was locked in a long conflict with Napoleon Bonaparte’s France. In an attempt to cut off supplies from the enemy, both sides tried to block the United States from trading with the other.

Go to this website to watch the video and get more information!: http://www.history.com/topics/war-of-1812


Warhawks were known as a group of pro-war Republicans, that was led by Henry Clay. He argued that military force was the only thing left to get rid of the British commands. The so called Warhawks was not most of the party, but over time, their influence changed a lot of the skeptical party members minds. The territorial goal in the Northwest and Florida inspired them to strive for war with Great Britain. Henry Clay and John Calhoun, severely resented American economic problems and national embarrassment during the Napoleonic Wars.

Invasion of Canada

In 1775 in the start of the American Revolution, rebel forces invaded Canada. Even though the rebel forces were defeated in Canada, the 13 American colonies won their war for independence from Britain, starting another kind of invasion. The most important question is why Canada? It was the closest British colony, but Madison also had tons of political reasons for going after them. Madison's Democratic-Republican Party got much of its support from the South and what was then the American West.

Washington DC burns

The British army headed for Washington. While they were on their way, General Ross and the British officers through a dinner that night at the emptied White House. The British troops knew they had already captured their enemy’s capital. Knowing that that they began setting the city in fire for revenge for burning the Canadian government buildings by the U.S. troops earlier in the war. The end results were horrible a bunch of federal buildings, and private homes were destroyed. Seeing the mess president Madison promised to rebuild the city.

Battle of Baltimore

Also known as the battle of Fort McHenry. Was fought on September 12-15, 1814, during the War of 1812. The battle was a British defeat against American forces. This battle memorialize the Star-Spangled Banner. The reason why it was fought was because of the burning of buildings in Washington, it seemed obvious that Baltimore would be the next target for the British. The British general Sir Robert Ross who had organized the destruction of Washington said he would force the city's surrender and would make Baltimore his winter quarters. The American troops defended the city against thousands of British soldiers who had came ashore from the British fleet.

Hartford Convention

The Hartford Connection was a series of meetings from December 15, 1814 to January 5, 1815, in Hartford, Connecticut, in which the New England Federalist Party met to discuss their complaints concerning the ongoing War of 1812 and the political problems increasing.

Battle of New Orleans

On December 24, 1814, Great Britain and the United States signed a treaty in Belgium that ended the War of 1812. The first part of the bloody Battle of New Orleans occurred when the British fleet came across the city through Lake Borgne.

Andrew Jackson planned a night attack that surprised the British. On January 8, 1815, both armies met south of New Orleans. In the Battle of New Orleans on January 8, 1815, Jackson's 5,000 soldiers won a victory over 7,500 British. But all along this battle could have been avoided. The British had been proven that the Americans would not back down. The War of 1812 finally settled the conflict between America and England.

Watch the video for information: http://www.history.com/topics/war-of-1812/videos/andrew-jackson-hero-of-new-orleans

Treaty of Ghent

The Treaty of Ghent was signed on December 24, 1814, in the city of Ghent, Belgium. This was the peace treaty that ended the War of 1812 between the United States of America and the United Kingdom. The British had repealed the Orders in Council. But, the British considered impressment their right by custom, and believed it essential to their naval might. And so James Madison took his country to war.

2nd Bank of the United States

The Second Bank of the United States was in existence from 1816 to 1836. James Madison was the 4th American President who served in office from March 4, 1809 to March 4, 1817. One of the important events during his presidency was the establishment of the Second Bank of the United States that played a huge important role in the economic plan known as Henry Clay's American System.

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.