Q: Which police communities have a harder time with excessive force and what do all those communities have in common?
There are police departments that struggle significantly more than others because of the same characteristics the individual police officers share, concerning the area they work in. In fact, according to Matthew Green police officer for the Austin police department says that, “A factor in improving police-community relations is officer residency rates. A common argument is that if more sworn officers live in the cities where they work, they’ll have a greater stake in the community and be more likely to gain trust among residents.” If more police officers worked in the communities that they live in then they would have a better understanding of their surroundings and will be around people who are not complete strangers. When a handful of police communities had the same number of reasons for excessive force, that is when these police departments had to find a solution for the police officer's misconduct. For instance, “In 2000, The United States Department of Justice (USDOJ), institutionalized adult learning theory and problem solving tools into a process that encouraged new officers to think using a proactive mindset, enabling the identification of and solution to problems within their communities.” states Dr. Patricia S. Rushing , Director for the Center for Public Safety and Justice. As a result of police communities having the same reasoning for excessive force it was time that the police department's started a new training system to help these communities who struggle more than others to decrease the use of excessive force.
Q: When did they start to think of a new training system for police officers?