The Anne Frank Secret Annex
In 1933 Anne Frank and her family moved from Frankfurt Germany to the Therlands, after Adolf Hitler and the Nazi's came into power. In 1942, the Frank family went into hiding in a secret room behind her fathers work in Amsterdam, which was now occupied by the Germans. By the street, the secret annex looked like an ordinary factory, where Otto Frank had a spice and pectin business. Not able to be seen from the front of the street, the secret annex seemed like a great spot to hide from the germans. Here they would hide for twenty months with another family called the Van Pels.
The Royal Dutch Palace of Amsterdam
The Royal palace of Amsterdam was built in the 17th century during the time of the Golden Age. The palace was opened on July 29, 1665. It was the largest secular building of it's time. It is a huge tourist attraction that many people visit each year. It was originally built to be a town hall, but later turned into a palace for King Louis Napoleon. It was then later turned into a Dutch Royal House. It is located on the west side of Dam Square, located in the center of Amsterdam. The sculptures and designers held inside were built out of marble by many famous architects. This is definitely a place to visit on a trip.
1. Marriage between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood are forbidden. Marriages nevertheless concluded are invalid, even if concluded abroad to circumvent the law. Annulment proceedings can be initiated only by the State Prosecutor.
2. Extramarital intercourse between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood is forbidden.
3. Jews may not employ in their household female subjects of the state of German o related blood who are under 45 years old.
4. Jews are forbidden to fly the Reich or National flag or to display the Reich colors. They are, on the other hand, permitted to display the Jewish colors. The exercise of this right is protected by the State.
5. Any person who violates the prohibition under I will be punished by a prison sentence with hard labor. A male who violates the prohibition under I will be punished with a prison sentence with or without hard labor. Any person violating the provisions under III or IV will be punished with a prison sentence of up to one year and a fine, or with one or the other of these penalties. The Reich Minister of the Interior, in coordination with the Deputy of the Führer and the Reich Minister of Justice, will issue the Legal and Administrative regulations required to implement and complete the Law. The Law takes effect on the day following promulgations except for III, which goes into force on January 1, 1936. Nuremberg, September 15, 1935 at the Reich Party Congress of Freedom.
Nuremberg Laws Summary
To me, the Nuremberg laws were a horrific thing. They excluded Jewish people from the German community. Many Jews couldn't marry or even associate with German citizens. They couldn't fly the German flag, and couldn't hire a German maid if she was under the age of 45. These laws werre meant to keep the German blood pure, and keep the Jews and Germans from reproducing. The thing that upsets me the most, is that one day you were a German citizen, and the next you're an outcast. The Jews were stripped of their German citizenships, and were forced to fly the Jewsish flag above their house.
Propaganda is something that countries around the world use every day. I is used to manipulate the minds of citizens into believeing something that isn't always true. Many people fall for propaganda even though they don't know it. During World War II propaganda was used by the Nazi's, Aericans, and the Japanese. Not always was it against a group or nation, but it was mostly discriminating against people. Propaganda was spread by media, television, news, cartoons, poster, and even speeches. The Nazi's used propaganda to make sure that no one liked the Jewish people. They made them look as though they were the devil and were always up to no good. The Nazi's also used propaganda to make sure the German blood stayed pure. The Japanese people made fun of the Americans and said they weren't smart. The Americans used propaganda with posters, and name calling to the Japanese people. There are many types of propaganda. One is demonization. This is what all three of these countries used to discriminate a race or certain group of people. Another is patriotism. This was used to make the countries feel proud of who they were and glad they weren't like the people being discriminated against. These different types of propaganda were all used in order to get people to believe one thing or another. The Japanese were trying to get the Japanese to support them. The Americans were trying to get the japanese to support them. The nazi's were trying to get the Germans to support them. During World War II two, there was a propoganda war between, Germany, Russia, Great Britain, Japan, and the United States. Propoganda is used for one thing, to persuade and manipulate people into believeing things that aren't always true. The government wanted more power, and more people on their side.
Otto was the Father of Anne and Margot Frank. He was also married to Edith Frank. Otto was born on May 12, 1889 in Frankfurt, Germany. He was in the German military. He was a kind hearted man who helped the Van Pels family move into the secret annex. Otto also worked in New york City to gain work experiance. He used the back attic of his factory to bring his family, and the Van Pels into hiding away from the Nazi's. Otto died on August 19, 1980 in Basel, Switzerland.
Miep Gies was born on February 15, 1909 in Vienna, Austria. She worked as a secretary in the trading company owned by otto Frank. She was a huge help to the Franks while they were in hiding. She kept them safe and brought them enough food for meals. She helped keep the families hiding in the secret annex from becoming malnourished. After Otto returns to the secret annex, Miep was able to recover Anne's diary, and return it to Otto Frank. She was an amazing woman, and died at the age of 100. Miep died on January 11, 2010.
Jo Kleiman was born on August 17, 1896, in the Netherlands. He was a married man working as the successor of Otto frank's business. He did this because Jews are no longer allowed to own businesses. He worked at the factory, because he and Otto were great friends. When the Frank family went into hiding, Kleiman became one of their helpers. He kept their hiding a secret. Sadly, Jo Kleiman was in bad health, and had to undergo a surgery, to help take care of his gastric bleeding. He was arrested with the Frank family after they were caught hiding in the secret annex. Jo died in his office at 63 years old. His date of death was January 20, 1959.
Auguste Van Pels
Auguste was born on 29 September 1900 in Buer near Osnabrück, Germany. She was a wife to Mr. Van Pels, and a mother to Peter Van Pels. She was described as stylish and coquettish. During the time they two families were hiding in the secret annex, she was the cook of the house. She prepared good meals for everyone out of the supplies they had. She and her family brought never ending excitement during the time they were in the secret annex. She also liked to get into arguments with her husband, Mr. Van Pels. When they were found in the secret annex, she was sent to Auschwitz with her family and Mr. Frank. When she arrived, she was lucky enough to survive the selection of the concentration camp. She died during the first half of April, 1845.
Act I Summary
In Act I of the Anne Frank book, there is a significant change in everyone's lives. They have to go into hiding to stay away from the Nazi's who have been persecuting Jews. This means they will be living in an attic together, until the war is over, or they are caight. In the attic, there is a change in Anne. She became a woman. They all have to learn to live with each other and cooperate. A new guest called Mr. Düssel arrives to stay with them. This is another guest and mouth to feed. If they can learn to love a h other as family they will get through this tough time together.
When did the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising take place? The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising took place on April 19, 1943, when the Jewish people of the Ghetto refused to surrender to the police commander who ordered burning to the ghetto.
How many people died in the Warsaw Ghetto? All together, about 71,000 people were either killed or deported.
How many German soldier and Jewish fighters were killed in the uprising? During this time, 13,00 Jews died by either being burned alive or suffocated. There were not more than 300 German casualties.
As a result of the uprising, what did it do for Jewish morale in Poland? It gave the Jewish people some confidence. It showed how scared people were, and they would do anything to stay alive. It showed that the Jews were determined to save themselves from the Germans.