Insect Orders Ella webb

Lepidoptera-moths and butterflies
Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths) are holometabolous insects; that is they have four distinct stages in their lives, egg, larva, pupa and adult
2 pairs of membranous wings that are covered in tiny scales which overlap like shingles on a roof. A few moths are wingless.


Coleoptera- beetles
There are probably more species of beetle on this earth than there are species of plants.
The order Coleoptera is divided into around 170 different families.


Hymenoptera- bees, whasps, ants, flies
There are two suborders, the Symphyta (sawflies), which do not have a constricted waist, and the Apocrita (ants, bees, and wasps), of which there are about 105 000 species worldwide, in which the waist is constricted.
The name Hymenoptera means 'membrane wings'. This order is large and diverse and includes groups of insects, which may appear to be unrelated due to their differing appearances.


Hemiptera- cicadas, aphids, planthoppers, leafhoppers, and shield bugs.
The true bugs often have long antennae divided into a small number of segments, and the front wings can be somewhat hardened. Some bugs resemble beetles, but beetles have wing covers that do not overlap, unlike the bugs.
the Homoptera have the dubious distinction of being probably the most destructive insects of all.


Odonata- dragonflies
Dragonflies and damselflies are medium to large insects with body lengths ranging from 15-120 millimetres. They are often seen flying rapidly over streams and lakes, or through gardens at dusk, often following regular flight paths every day.
The name dragonfly is commonly applied to all odonates, but it is also used to differentiate the suborder Anisoptera from the suborder Zygoptera


Orthoptera- grasshoppers
The more than 20,000 species in this order have a worldwide distribution but are most diverse in the tropics. Body size varies from less than 5 mm to some of the world's largest insects, with body lengths up to 11.5 cm,and wingspans of over 22 cm.
Most living members of this order are terrestrial herbivores with modified hind legs that are adapted for jumping. Slender, thickened front wings fold back over the abdomen to protect membranous, fan-shaped hind wings.


Mantodea- praying mantis
They have triangular heads poised on a long "neck," or elongated thorax. Mantids can turn their heads 180 degrees to scan their surroundings with two large compound eyes and three other simple eyes located between them.
There are about 2300 species of praying mantis described. They occur on every continent except on Antarctica. In Northern Europe they do not occur. In Europe, many people see their first praying mantis on holiday in Spain or France. In the United States praying mantids can be found in almost any state.


Phasmida- stick bugs
Phasmida comes from the Greek word phasm, which means phantom. This refers to these insects’ amazing camouflage, which allows them to almost disappear into their surroundings.
About 3000 species world wide; around 15 species in Europe, 4 species have been introduced to southern Britain, probably on imported plants.


Diptera- flies
The Diptera have traditionally been divided into three suborders:
Nematocera (flies with multisegmented antennae)
Brachycera (flies with stylate antennae)
Cyclorrhapha (flies with aristate antennae)
One of the largest insect orders, it numbers more than 120,000 species that are relatively small, with soft bodies. Although the mouthparts of flies are of the sucking type, individuals show considerable variation in structure.


Blattodea- roaches
Blattodea are cursorial (adapted for running) and move rapidly. They have flattened bodies and a head concealed from above by the pronotum. They have two pairs of wings, but in some species the wings are quite small.
Though some are pests, most cockroach species fill important ecological roles as scavengers that clean up organic waste. The order name comes from blatta, which is Latin for cockroach.


Created with images by Alexas_Fotos - "sun flower bees summer" • Illuvis - "moth macro insect" • israeld - "protaetia cuprea coleoptera white" • Mick E. Talbot - "Coleoptera" • makamuki0 - "harlequin ladybird coccinellidae coleoptera" • Hans - "rhinoceros beetle horn tree" • makamuki0 - "beetle coleoptera black and orange" • francok35 - "insects bee apis" • francok35 - "insects hymenoptera bee" • Josch13 - "canthigaster cicada fulgoromorpha insect" • James Niland - "Harlequin bug instar (Explored)" • ROverhate - "damselfly odonata insect" • Oldiefan - "animal insect dragonfly" • ComputerHotline - "Orthoptera sp." • jl.cernadas - "3101-Saltamontes en Oleiros (Coruña)" • arian.suresh - "Indian flower mantis (1/3)" • ROverhate - "mantis praying mantis mantodea" • treegrow - "Arizona Walkingstick" • James St. John - "Diapheromera velii (prairie walking sticks) (Castle Rock chalk badlands, south of Quinter, Kansas, USA) 5" • Mick E. Talbot - "Diptera" • Mick E. Talbot - "Diptera" • Brett_Hondow - "cockroach roach german cockroach" • gailhampshire - "Blattodea. Ectobius sylvestris?"

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