The Titanic the "unsinkable" ship

RMS Titanic began it's voyage April 10th 1912 and was said to be unsinkable. It was travelling from Britain to New York City, carrying over 2,200 people but sunk in the Atlantic ocean. Unfortunately, only 705 passengers survived the trip.

Titanic was designed by Thomas Andrews, who travelled on the ship aged 39 before sinking with the ship on April 15th. Andrews, along with the captain, was aware that there would not be enough lifeboats to carry half of the people on board the ship because many believed that if they had carried any more lifeboats the ship would have been too "cluttered". If these extra lifeboats had been taken, the loss of life would not have been so great: over 1,500 people died.

Some blame Captain Edward Smith for the deaths on HMS Titanic. He did make many errors that could have saved lives if they had been correct.

Captain Smith, the Captain of the Titanic, died with the ship when he was 62. He is blamed for the sinking and deaths on the Titanic for many reasons: firstly, he cancelled the lifeboat drill that would let people know what had happened and he also did not try to direct people to the boats in an orderly fashion. He allowed the boats to be lowered into the sea when they contained less that twenty people when they had a capacity of sixty five men. The iceberg warnings that came in were ignored and if these factors had been paid attention to more lives would have been saved or the Titanic could have avoided the iceberg completely. The watertight doors were also questioned.
There is a theory that says that the watertight doors, that the Captain closed, were left open the ship could have sunk evenly and floated longer, without tipping up on one side. This means that more lives could have been saved.

Theorists go on to say that the ship could have floated up to three hours longer and, because HMS Carpathia arrived to collect survivors less than two hours later there could have been minimal casualties and the majority of passengers would have survived. It is believed that locking all of the water under the head of the ship caused it to tip up and it essentially sunk itself, before dragging the rest of the boat down with it.

This theory was later proved wrong because tests have proven that, if the watertight doors were left open, the ship would have probably flipped over in the process about 30-40 minutes earlier than it actually did.

Theorists have also pointed out that, because the boiler rooms had already flooded, all electricity would have been lost and even if the ship was still upright then it would be incredibly hard to leave an unstable ship in the dark. The lifeboats would have been almost impossible to launch so, in the end, Captain Smith probably did make the right decision.

TITANIC: THE MOVIE

'Titanic' came out in 1997 and stars Leonardo Dicaprio and Kate Winslet. The Titanic theme song, sung by Celine Dion, was 'My Heart Will Go On' which got to number one in many countries including USA, Canada, UK, Ireland and Australia.

The film was written, directed and produced by James Cameron and is about a wealthy girl named Rose and a lower class artist named Jack who fall in love on the ship but one of the two comes to a tragic end as the ship sinks. Rose is supposed to be marrying a wealthy man named Cal whom she does not love and decides that she would rather kill herself by jumping off the end of the boat than marry him.

Fortunately, Jack Dawson (played by Leonardo DiCaprio) saves her and soon enough they fall in love.

They are together as the ship hits the ice and Jack is arrested for stealing one of Rose's diamonds. It has been planted in his pocket by a man who does not think Jack is good for Rose. He is taken to the bottom of the ship and handcuffed and left there to drown as the ship sinks. Rose is with her family, about to get on a lifeboat as she realizes that she belongs with Jack and needs to save him. She finds him and uses an emergency axe to remove the handcuffs and they make their way to the deck of the ship. The wade through sea-water and break through doors and gates and face Rose's fiance, who tries to shoot Jack.

The eventually make it to the top but there are no lifeboats left and the Titanic starts to tip up on one side. The couple scramble to the top of the ship to stay in hopes of staying alive.

The boat sinks vertically and so they climb on the very top of the boat and hold on as it falls down, killing hundreds of passengers as it goes. The boat goes under and the pair float on the water, Rose in a life jacket. They manage to find a door to float on but there is only enough room for one person so Jack sacrifices his warmth for Rose. He tells her to "never let go" and that she will make it and he was right: she did. Boats come back to rescue them a few hours later and, because Rose isn't floating in the icy water, sees the boat and tries to wake up Jack.

Unfortunately, Jack has gotten too cold and dies. Rose lets his body float down to the bottom of the sea, gets on the lifeboat boat, and lives.

Many have argued that Jack could have fit on the door that saved Rose's life but the director of the film claims that Jack was going to die from the start: that is why the film is award-winning.

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