Shakespeare research prject by jayden griffin

Thesis: Shakespeare made an impact on this world through his early, middle, and later life.

Early Life :

Quote 1 : "William Shakespeare was born in the small market town of Stratford-upon-Avon in 1564, the third of eight children. The register of Holy Trinity, the parish church in Stratford, records his baptism on April 26. According to the custom at that time, infants were baptized about three days after their birth. Therefore, the generally accepted date for Shakespeare’s birth is April 23." (Lander)

Commentary 1 : Williams earlier life was more traditional and custom than that of modern day age. Throughout William's writings you can get a feel of his age and time.

Quote 2 : "We know that William was born the third of eight children, around April 23, 1564, in Stratford, a market town about one hundred miles north west of London." "William attended grammar school, where he studied Latin grammar, Latin literature, and rhetoric(the uses of language)."

Commentary 2 : Shakespeare's work is so famous that even people who have never read his work know lines from things he's written. People all around the world have studied and been affected by his genius work.

Quote 3 : "At the age of eighteen, he married Anne Hathaway, who was eight years older than he was. Sometime after the birth of their second and third child (twins), Shakespeare moved to London, apparently leaving his family in Stratford." (Shakespeare)

"We know that several years later, by 1952, Shakespeare had already become an actor and a playwright." (Shakespeare)

Commentary : I wonder what happened to his family after he just left them and what his kids were into when he returned to be retired.

Middle Life :

Quote 4 : "Shakespeare’s plays have attracted large audiences in big, sophisticated cities and in small, rural towns. His works have been performed on the frontiers of Australia and New Zealand. They were part of the cultural life of the American Colonies and provided entertainment in the mining camps of the Old West. Today, there are theaters in many nations dedicated to staging Shakespeare’s works."

Commentary : This quote shows the heights that Shakespeare's works reached. This is important because it shows how Shakespeare and his works impacted theater.

Quote 5 : "In striking contrast to the obscurity of his background there is the achievement of Shakespeare the writer. This son of an illiterate provincial butcher had the largest vocabulary of any writer in English in history, using about 37,000 different words in his works, twice as many, for instance, as the Cambridge-educated John Milton. Shakespeare coined hundreds of phrases (such as 'into thin air', 'time-honoured', and the 'be-all and end-all'), which are widely imagined to be proverbial. He apparently also coined at least 1,500 English words, including 'addiction', 'alligator', 'birthplace', 'cold-blooded', 'critic', 'impede', and 'amazement'. Shakespeare was also, apparently, the first writer to use the word 'it's' as a third person possessive. He wrote convincingly of court life, foreign intrigues, and the affairs of kings and courtiers, subjects of which he could have had no direct knowledge. As well as law, his works reveal a mastery of science, of classical and European literature, and of other specialised fields, which seem utterly incongruous -- indeed, inexplicable -- in a poorly-educated country actor. It is this incredible incongruity which has led so many to question whether the Stratford man wrote the plays attributed to him -- not, as is often alleged by orthodox scholars, snobbery on the part of proponents of other writers, who allegedly insist that only a nobleman could have been England's national poet, not a commoner of humble background."

Commentary : Shakespeare worked through his life challenges and became great, despite what others might've said. This is important because it teaches us about his passion not only to himself but also to his literature. Also teaching us morals to live by.

Quote 6 : "Sometimes playwrights influence the shape and form of a theater, but more often existing theaters seem to influence the shape and form of plays. It is important that we understand Shakespeare's theater because it influenced how he wrote his plays. Shakespeare took the theater of his time, and he used it brilliantly."

Commentary : Then since his theater was built well his plays were amazing because of the structure and form of the theater. That is why the structure of his theater affected today.

Quote 7 : "One can see that Shakespeare absorbed much that was taught in his grammar school, for he had an impressive familiarity with the stories by Latin authors, as is evident when examining his plays and their sources."

(Mabillard)

Commentary : His poems are in depth and can be hard to understand so he must have had a pretty good idea of what he was writing and the language he was using.

Later Life :

Quote 8 : "During his last eight years, Shakespeare was the sole author of only three plays—Cymbeline,The Tempest, and The Winter’s Tale. He collaborated with John Fletcher, another English dramatist, in writing three more plays. In the past, some scholars argued that The Tempest, written about 1610, was Shakespeare’s last play. Such a theory was encouraged by the presence in the play of passages that sound like a farewell to the stage. However, in 1612 and 1613, Shakespeare worked closely with Fletcher, who replaced him as the chief dramatist for the King’s Men, on Cardenio (now lost), King Henry VIII, and Two Noble Kinsmen. In addition, Shakespeare purchased a house in the Blackfriars district of London in 1613. The evidence thus suggests that Shakespeare gradually reduced his activity in London rather than ending it abruptly,"(Lander).

Commentary : Shakespeare spent his last years peaceful and modest as the world enjoyed his artistic talents. This is important because even today we enjoy his works, and still perform them.

Quote 9 : "Since Shakespeare's recognition in the late eighteenth century as the pre-eminent English national writer, hundreds of archivists, researchers, and historians have poured over thousands of contemporary manuscripts and published works in an effort to learn something -anything - about Shakespeare the man. Their efforts have been almost entirely in vain. During the twentieth century, only a handful of details emerged. In 1909 two American researchers, Charles and Hilda Wallace, trawling the Public Record Office, discovered the previously unknown Belott-Mountjoy lawsuit at which Shakespeare testified. In 1931 Leslie Hotson, another American, discovered a curious, almost inexplicable, 1596 writ for the arrest of Shakespeare and two others issued by a criminal figure in Southwark. Potentially, perhaps the most important document uncovered, first noticed in the 1920s by Sir E.K. Chambers, the greatest modern scholar of Shakespeare's life, was the will of Alexander Hoghton of Lea, Lancashire, made in 1581, which left a small legacy to a 'William Shakeshaft now dwelling with me', apparently as a tutor to his children. Many believe that Shakespeare was 'Shakeshaft' and spent several years as a tutor in two wealthy Lancashire Catholic stately homes, those of the Houghtons of Hoghton Tower and Sir Thomas Hesketh of Rufford. E.A.J. Honigmann, who has done most to popularise the 'lost years in Lancashire' thesis, has discovered that there is a long-standing tradition in the Hoghton family that Shakespeare was employed in their home for two years in his youth. The Lancashire thesis has been adopted by many recent biographers. And some historians have speculated further that the young Shakespeare may have gone from one of the Lancashire households to London as a member of a player's' company. Others believe that during the 'lost years' Shakespeare was already an actor with a troupe of strolling players. The Earl of Worcester's Men, for example, are known to have visited Stratford-on-Avon on several occasions between 1568 and 1582, and definitely employed Edward Alleyn (the founder of Dulwich College). Shakespeare may have made his way to London with this acting troupe, eventually settling there as a playwright and theatre-owner. Alleyn could well have hired Shakespeare as an actor in London."

Commentary : Shakespeare spent his last years peaceful and modest as the world enjoyed his artistic talents. This is important because even today we enjoy his works, and still perform them.

Quote 10 : "William Shakespeare is considered the greatest English poet and the world’s greatest playwright. His main body of work consists of 37 plays that are divided into comedies, tragedies, and histories. In addition, he wrote a number of poems, including 154 sonnets. His work was very popular among his contemporaries. His plays were performed for all levels of society, from the nobility and the common worker, all of whom found much to enjoy in the performances. His influence on the development of the English language cannot be overstated." (Forster)

Commentary : Shakespeare left behind a legacy that will be forever be remembered throughout history. His later life he got to really observe his work and finish off his life with many accomplishments.

Works Cited

Anderson, Robert. “Shakespeare’s Life.” Holt Literature & Language Arts: Mastering the California Standards: Reading, Writing, Listening, Speaking, by G. Kylene Beers et al., Austin, Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 2003, pp. 776-77.

Foster, Matt. “William Shakespeare.” William Shakespeare (2005): 1-3, History Refernce Center, Web. 8 Dec. 2016.

Lander, Jesse M. “Shakespeare, William.” World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 17 Nov. 2016.

Rubinstein, William. “Who Was Shakespeare?.” History Today 51.8 (2001): 28. History Reference Center. Web. 9 Dec. 2016.

“William Shakespeare.” Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6Th Edition (2016): 1-4. History Reference Center. Web. 18 Nov. 2016.

“William Shakespeare.” Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6Th Edition (2016): 1-4. History Reference Center. Web. 30 Nov. 2016.

Credits:

Created with images by marybettiniblank - "london globe theatre theater" • tonynetone - "William Shakespeare" • Kieran Lynam - "Shakespeare's Globe" • jill111 - "stack of books vintage books book"

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