The first people invadir Spain were the Celtas
The Celtas invaded for many reasons
- there was fertile land
- it was next to the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean
- it was a huge trade route
The Iberian Peninsula was named after this group of people. Galatia still has influences of Celtic culture like the bagpipes and the language. Celtiberos were the first to inhabit Spain.
The second group of people to invade Spain were the Romanos. The Roman Empire was starting to highly expand its territories, and their tactics in fighting were a lot more advanced. The Roman empire collapsed in 409 AD, so they no longer had control of Spain. However, the Romans did leave leftovers, like in Segovia there are Roman aqueducts, and in Merida there is a Roman coliseum.
The Moors Invade Spain~
The Moors were the last group to invade Spain. The Arabs, Berbers, Syrians, from North America invaded the peninsula in 711 A.D.. They came out of Africa because they were getting religiously and culturally perseguido. The Moors were easily able to defeat the Visigoth Kingdoms conquering nearly all of the peninsula.
There was continual lucha between the Christian kingdoms in the norte, and the Muslims in the sur. They were fighting over religion and there was never really a winner, it was a continual battle. Santiago was the patron saint of Spain. A phrase that was common was "Matamoros" which means kill the Moors.
The Spanish Inquisition~
In 1492 the last Moorish king was defeated and all Muslims remaining in Spain were forced dejar or convertir to Christianity. In 1502 there was success against the Muslims and it was now decided that all Jews also had to leave Spain or convert to Christianity. The Inquisition would interrogate and torture the Jews until they confessed that they would convert, but if they did not convert, the Inquisition would put them on trial and execute them. Pope Sixtus IV allowed the kicking out of all non Catholics, and Pope Innocent IV allowed the torture of all non Catholics.
The War of the Spanish Succession deshuesado royal families and their nations against each other para ver who would regla Spain. The War ended in 1713, with Spain losing Gibraltar to the English. Felipe V, the Bourbon grandson of Louis XIV, convirtió King of Spain. The Bourbon family remains the royal family of Spain today.