La Historia de España tiernan taggart 8 estrellas

Welcome to my website. This website is all about the history of Spain. I will be talking about the rulers, the Inquisition, the background of Spain, and many other things.

Spain was the ancient pit stop. It was a place where travelers went to refuel, trade things, and reparar boats. People traveled through Spain to get to other places that they were traveling too.

INVADERS~

The first people invadir Spain were the Celtas

The Celtas invaded for many reasons

  1. there was fertile land
  2. it was next to the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean
  3. it was a huge trade route

Celtiberos~

The Iberian Peninsula was named after this group of people. Galatia still has influences of Celtic culture like the bagpipes and the language. Celtiberos were the first to inhabit Spain.

New Invaders~

The second group of people to invade Spain were the Romanos. The Roman Empire was starting to highly expand its territories, and their tactics in fighting were a lot more advanced. The Roman empire collapsed in 409 AD, so they no longer had control of Spain. However, the Romans did leave leftovers, like in Segovia there are Roman aqueducts, and in Merida there is a Roman coliseum.

The Goths~

The next group to invade Spain were the Goths. There was a reino of the Visigoths that came out of Germany.

The Moors Invade Spain~

The Moors were the last group to invade Spain. The Arabs, Berbers, Syrians, from North America invaded the peninsula in 711 A.D.. They came out of Africa because they were getting religiously and culturally perseguido. The Moors were easily able to defeat the Visigoth Kingdoms conquering nearly all of the peninsula.

La Reconquista~

There was continual lucha between the Christian kingdoms in the norte, and the Muslims in the sur. They were fighting over religion and there was never really a winner, it was a continual battle. Santiago was the patron saint of Spain. A phrase that was common was "Matamoros" which means kill the Moors.

Toledo~The City of Tolerance

Toledo was a place where Jews, Christians, and Muslims could live together. There were synagogues, churches and cathedrals, and Arabic style architecture. The ciudad is still influenced by each religion today.

1492 and Reyes Catolicos~

In 1492, the Moors had separated into many small kingdoms. The last Moorish king estaba defeated in Granada in January 1492. Catholic kings ruled Spain for a period of time. Fernando of Aragon was one of these kings. He was a fat slob and didn't do much of anything while he was in power. Isabel of Castilla married Fernando in 1469. Isabel was a war monger, and she would not let her troops go to battle unless she went with them.

The Spanish Inquisition~

In 1492 the last Moorish king was defeated and all Muslims remaining in Spain were forced dejar or convertir to Christianity. In 1502 there was success against the Muslims and it was now decided that all Jews also had to leave Spain or convert to Christianity. The Inquisition would interrogate and torture the Jews until they confessed that they would convert, but if they did not convert, the Inquisition would put them on trial and execute them. Pope Sixtus IV allowed the kicking out of all non Catholics, and Pope Innocent IV allowed the torture of all non Catholics.

Gold Diggers~

Mujer started casarse men for el poder, not money. Juana, the daughter of Fernando and Isabel married Felipe el Hermoso of the power Habsburg family. Juana was known as "La Loca" or the crazy. Legend has it that when Felipe died, Juana carried his el ataud through the streets of Granada, stopping often to kiss the corpse of the dead el rey.

Carlos V (I)~

Carlos I was the son of Juana and Felipe. He was Charles V of Austria and Germany. He was the Holy Roman Emperor, and under his rule, the Spanish Empire grew very quickly. Gold and silver flooded into Spain from America, along with new crops such as corn, potatoes, and fruits. Carlos V used the funds that were pouring in from the colonies to subsidize the many religious war that he was fighting across Europe. Under the rule of Carlos V, Spain became one of the staunchest defenders of Catholicism, as it fought to stop the spread of the Protestant Reformation in Europe. Carlos V passed on his legacy to his son Felipe.

Felipe II~

Felipe II continued wars against the Protestants. In 1554, he married Mary Tudor of England in an attempt to create an international Catholic alliance. A male heir from his marriage would have to become King of England, however, there was no son and the Protestant Elizabeth I came to power in England. In 1588, Spain's Invincible Armada was defeated by England.

El Greco~

Un pintor from Greece, Domenikos Theotokopoulos, viajado to Spain in search of work in the decoration of El Escorial. Felipe II hated his style of art and refused contratar him.

Habsburg Kings~

Felipe II is succeeded by his son, Felipe III and her died and his hijo, Felipe IV, took the throne. Felipe IV reigns over one of the richest cultural period in Spanish history, The Siglo de Oro. During the Siglo de Oro, Literatura, arte y drama were very popular. La Vida es Sueño was by Pedro Calderón de la Barca, which was very popular. A character Don Juan introduced the image of "Latin Lover". Don Quixote is the second most translated libro other than la biblia. The last Habsburg king was Felipe IV's son, Carlos II, known as "El Hechizado" which means the bewitched. Carlos II died in 1700, leaving no heir to ascend to the throne of Spain.

War~

The War of the Spanish Succession deshuesado royal families and their nations against each other para ver who would regla Spain. The War ended in 1713, with Spain losing Gibraltar to the English. Felipe V, the Bourbon grandson of Louis XIV, convirtió King of Spain. The Bourbon family remains the royal family of Spain today.

The Bourbons~

The Bourbons were competent rulers, but more concerned with life at court. They made efforts para convertir Spain into a modern state, based on the Neoclassical ideas of the Enlightenment.

Carlos IV~

Carlos IV was the grandson of Felipe. He had tratar with Napoleon leaders and as a result, he had usar lots of dynamite.

War~

There was a rebellion on May 2, 1808 in Madrid that began the War of Spanish Independance. Joseph Bonaparte was removed from the throne of Spain in 1812. During the upheaval, most of the colonies in America gained independence. The Constitution of 1812 establishes a monarquía parlamentaria.

Fernando VII

Fernando VII, the son of Carlos IV, returned from exile in France to rule after defeat of Napoleon's troops. It was a totalitarian rule, and were constantly at odds with liberals who wanted to expand on the Constitution of 1812. Fernando VII died in 1833, leaving only a daughter, Isabel II.

Bourbon Troubles

Fernando VII dies without a male heir. The country is divided on the issue of a woman ruler. Supporters of Fernando's brother, Carlos face off against more liberal supporters of Isabel in several "Guerras Carlistas". Isabel II reigns from 1833-1868. Isabel II rules through political turmoil, with the Carlists continually opposing her authority. "La Gloriosa Revolución" removed Isabel II from power in 1868. A short-lived experiment places King Amadeo of Saboya, an Italian, on the throne from 1870-1873.

The First República Española is proclaimed in 1873. It shortly ends in 1874.

The Bourbons return to the throne with the reign of Alfonso XII from 1875-1885, followed by his son Alfonso XIII from 1902-1931. Alfonso XIII was born in 1885 shortly after his father's death. His mother oversaw the government as his regent in the interim. In typical Bourbon fashion, Spain quickly became a downslide, marked by the loss of its last remaining colonies in 1898 and embarrassing military defeats in Morocco.

Alfonso XIII~

Unable to put a stop to the political tension and low morale of the country, Alfonso XIII allowed a military general to establish a dictadura from 1923-1931. The dictatorship estaba unable resolver the problems of the country. In 1931, elections were held para determinar if Spain should continue a monarchy or give democracy another try.

The Second Republic of Spain is established in 1931, ushering in an era of Esperanza y optimismo. They set up a new, progressive constitution, which gives women the right votar, allows divorce, separates the Church from the State, and creates public schools. The new government creates an even deeper political and social divide. The military, the Church, and the upper classes think there are too many changes going on. Socialists and Communist factions think there are not enough changes and want more changes and want change faster.

Civil War~

General Francisco Franco stages a military revolt in 1936, beginning the Civil War. Franco's fascist troops are aided by forces from Germany and Italy. Republican forces get very little help. The war ends in 1939, with Franco's Nationalist forces winning.

Francisco Franco~

Fascist dictator of Spain from 1939 until his death in 1975. Idealized "glory years" of Spain under Carlos V and Felipe II. Gender roles, religion, regionalism, and censorship banned. There was exile of artists, intellectuals, and scientists.

Basque terrorist group ETA Asesina Franco's chosen successor. Franco elige grandson of Alfonso XIII to take over. Upon Franco's death in 1975, Juan Carlos I de Borbon becomes King of Spain. Instead of continuing Franco's policies or establishing an absolute monarchy, Juan Carlos declares democracy in Spain. He names Adolfo Suarez as first Primer Ministro. Suarez comienza the period known as the Transition.

Democracia~

In 1978, Suarez is elected in the first election held in Spain since 1936. In the 80's, Felipe Gonzalez leads Spaun out of isolation, unión NATO and the EU. Jose Maria Aznar increases Spain's influence in the world, with a growing economy and a strong alianza with the United States.

On March 11, 2004, Islamic fundamentalist terrorists placed bombs on several commuter trains in Madrid, asesinato nearly 200 and dañando over 2,000, Two days after the attack, elections proclaim Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero the new Prime Minister of Spain. His first action, as promised, was to withdraw Spanish troops from the United State war with Iraq.

La Familia Real~

As a parliamentary monarchy, Spain retains its royal family, although all government decisions are handled by Parliament and the Presidente del Gobierno.

Credits:

Created with images by Moyan_Brenn - "Spain" • helenmlittle0 - "alhambra granada spain" • pasa47 - "Lil Pit Stop (3)" • Efraimstochter - "spain flag flutter" • joekrump - "rome ancient italy" • Carlos Gracia - "Gothic memory" • Anna & Michal - "Architectural details of Cathedral–Mosque of Córdoba" • falco - "toledo spain castile" • MikeBird - "church building architecture" • TimShoesUntied - "Door detail"

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.