Alexander the Great as he was commonly called was the son of the king of Macedon, Philip II, and his fourth wife, Olympias, the daughter of Neoptolemus king of Epirus. At a young age Alexander was taught and tutored by the philosopher Aristotle. Aristotle taught Alexander about medicine, philosophy, morals, religion, logic, and art and much more, in addition under the teachings of Aristotle Alexander developed a passion for the works of Homer particularly Iliad.
At age 16, Alexander's education under Aristotle ended. Soon after his father went to war against Byzantion, in doing so he left Alexeander in charge During his absence. their was a revolt that had begun in Macedonia. Alexander responded quickly, striking the revolutionaries from their territory. and he began to colonize it with Greeks, and founded a city named Alexandropolis. When his father had returned he quickly sent Alexander to deal with more revolts and take more territory. While being occupied in Thrace, he ordered Alexander to muster an army for a campaign in southern Greece. Concerned that other Greek states might intervene, Alexander made it look as if he was preparing to attack Illyria instead. During this event, the Illyrians invaded Macedonia, only to be repelled by Alexander.
Alexander was seen as a farce warrior and amazing leading conquering much of ancient Greece many times along side of his father and creating one common unified civilization due to his mass expansions. He had many victories throughout his path of conquest that earned him his name Alexander the Great. Him and his Father Philip in trying to make a unified Greek society, created what was known as the Hellenic Allegiance, which was a unified groups of most Greek-city states that would work together and come to gather if needed to, Sparta was one of the few states who refused to join. Soon after they announced there plan to attack the Persian empire.
At the age of 20 Alexander took the throne after his father had been assassinates by the captain of his bodyguards, Pausanias. As soon as he took power Alexander made sure he eliminated all types of rivals or competition to the throne. He had multiple people executed killed , and murdered during this process, some of these people included, his cousin, executed two Macedonian princes from the region of Lyncestis killed, and he also ordered the murder of Attalus who was in command of the advance guard of the army in Asia Minor and Cleopatra's uncle.
When people started to here about Phillips death many city states including in Thebes, Athens, and Thessaly started to revolt and cause chaos. When Alexander had finally heard about what was happening he swiftly gathered up men to suppress these uprisings, even though he was cautioned to use diplomacy and not war. He first rode towards Thessaly first, but however on his way he realized that the Thessalian army was placed in between Mt Olympus and Mt Ossa. Therefor Alexander had told his army to go over mount Ossa, and because of this soon after early in the morning Alexanders men got behind the Thessalonian army, and they surrendered adding troops to Alexanders cavalry.
Once Alexander had secured his Territory in Macedonia and Greece he then wanted to move onto the Persian empire, and he was determined to concurred all of it. When he moved into Asian territory he was determined to take the Persian empire with force, Alexander liked the warfare which contrasted to his fathers belief in more diplomatic resolutions, but Alexander excelled at waging war and the more battles and land that he kept winning the more confident he got in his skills, so confident he said that "Asia was a gift from the gods" making it seem like taking Asia would be easy and it will be given to him with ease by the gods.
His Campaign to take the Persian army started out in Alexanders favor with him winning his first battle, the Battle of the Granicus. After winning this battle he excepted the surrender of the Persian capital, and then preceded to move down the coast bringing democracy and his code of laws and ethics through each city he goes through. As he continued his campaign Alexander won his first major siege in Caria, eventually forcing mercenary captain Memnon of Rhodes and the Persian satrap of Caria, to withdraw by sea.
Alexander continued his campaign through Asia conquering all that he had come across. After going through Asia, Alexander had to take a break due, to an illness, however he was able to recover and move into Syria. Darius a tough opponent of Alexanders had him beat with a much longer army, however Alexander was bale to retreat back to Cilicia and was able to turn the battle around and Separate Darius from his army, causing it to fall apart, Darius then retreated and Alexander declared himself the king of Asia. After Syria he then marched into Egypt, and began quickly taking the towns he came across, however he met resistance at Gaza due to its large size and its location atop a hill. His engineers told him it was impossible but Alexander was determined and after a long hard battle he captured the city, however he did suffer from a severe shoulder wound.
Alexander excelled at conquering whoever he cam across and he created an empire stronger and larger then anyone has ever seen, however all this expansion eventually created problems back home. In Macedonia the leadership he had put in place was falling apart, their where uprising and revolts starting and multiple plots to take his life where being created and plotted. Eventually his life is taking from him at the age of 32, he died in the palace of Nebuchadnezzar II in Babylon, he was poisoned. Some would say Alexander the great was a bad person, however to me he is one of the greatest figures in history i see him as a strong individual with amazing leaderships skills that used war in a way never seen before to conquer so much in a short amount of time.