Figurative Language Luisa Dominguez

Allusion- a brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical, cultural, literary or political significance

Simile- makes a comparison, showing similarities between two different things. A simile draws resemblance with the help of the words “like” or “as”

Metaphor- makes an implicit, implied or hidden comparison between two things that are unrelated but share some common characteristics

Personification- a thing, an idea or an animal is given human attributes

Hyperbole- involves an exaggeration of ideas for the sake of emphasis

Understatement- a figure of speech employed by writers or speakers to intentionally make a situation seem less important than it really is.

Paradox- a statement that appears to be self-contradictory or silly but may include a latent truth

Dramatic Irony- an important stylistic device that is commonly found in plays, movies, theaters and sometimes in poetry

Verbal Irony- occurs when a speaker speaks something contradictory to what he intends to

Analogy- a comparison in which an idea or a thing is compared to another thing that is quite different from it

Anecdote- a short and interesting story or an amusing event often proposed to support or demonstrate some point and make readers and listeners laugh

Allegory- a figure of speech in which abstract ideas and principles are described in terms of characters, figures and events

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