One movement to reform American society was the Second Great Awakening, which was the revival of religious belief and feeling in America. The Second Great Awakening emphasized the role that individuals played in their society. Henry David Thoreau created civil disobedience which is people challenging laws they considered unfair by refusing to obey them. Others involved in the movement were Nathaniel Hawthorne, Walt Whitman, and Ralph Waldo Emerson.
The Women Rights Movement was when women could not vote or hold office, but were determined to fight to be treated equally. The first convention that demanded equality for women at work, school, church and in the voting booths was the Seneca Falls Convention. The Seneca Falls Convention marked the start of Women's Rights Movement. Women were passionate about their own rights and didn't want more rights than men they just wanted to be treated equally. Something else that woman wanted was right to earn wages and also vote or hold office. The right for women to vote was achieved in 1920.
The Temperance movement was a public campaign against the sale or drinking of alcohol in the late 1820s. Supporters of the temperance movement wanted either alcohol laws or complete abstinence. Alcohol abuse was widespread among men, women, and even children which led to the breakup of families and mental illness. Maine banned the sale of alcohol and other states did the same shortly after. Eventually those laws were repealed.