Reform Movements Kaylee Mosley and Sarah Brookby Period 3

One movement to reform American society was the Second Great Awakening, which was the revival of religious belief and feeling in America. The Second Great Awakening emphasized the role that individuals played in their society. Henry David Thoreau created civil disobedience which is people challenging laws they considered unfair by refusing to obey them. Others involved in the movement were Nathaniel Hawthorne, Walt Whitman, and Ralph Waldo Emerson.
The abolitionist movement was the median emancipation of slaves in the end of racial discrimination and segregation. William Lloyd Gamson was an abolitionist. There were many abolitionists like Sajourner Truth, Harriet Tubman, Frederick Douglass, even Angelina Sarah grimke that made an impact by helping slaves and protesting slavery. Eventually after the Civil War the abolishment of slavery was achieved.
The Women Rights Movement was when women could not vote or hold office, but were determined to fight to be treated equally. The first convention that demanded equality for women at work, school, church and in the voting booths was the Seneca Falls Convention. The Seneca Falls Convention marked the start of Women's Rights Movement. Women were passionate about their own rights and didn't want more rights than men they just wanted to be treated equally. Something else that woman wanted was right to earn wages and also vote or hold office. The right for women to vote was achieved in 1920.
Dorothea Dix was very concerned with the awful conditions of the jails that she visited and knew immediately she wanted that to change. All prisoners were housed together whether they were children, debtors, or insane people. Dix quickly went to the lawmakers and they passed a law that made hospitals for the mentally ill and outlawed some cruel punishments and the discounting of debtors.
The Temperance movement was a public campaign against the sale or drinking of alcohol in the late 1820s. Supporters of the temperance movement wanted either alcohol laws or complete abstinence. Alcohol abuse was widespread among men, women, and even children which led to the breakup of families and mental illness. Maine banned the sale of alcohol and other states did the same shortly after. Eventually those laws were repealed.
In the mid-1800s the reforming of education came into the light. School was very expensive so many children were not able to attend when they wanted to learn. This caught the attention of Horace Mann who was later games nickname father of American public schools because he helped start so many. The citizens of Massachusetts were paying taxes to build schools and paid salaries for teachers soon many more public schools were popping up across the country. 

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