Operation OVERLORD BY Andrew Harbottle

Operation Overlord was the Invasion of Normandy that eventually led to the liberation of France. It took place on June 6, 1944 on the beaches of Normandy, France. This Invasion would last for about 2 months and the end would signal the beginning to the end of WWII in Europe.

Operation OVERLORD also known as D-Day split the beach of Normandy into 5 separate beaches; Utah, Omaha, Gold, Juno, and Sword. Utah, the western side of Normandy, was invaded by the U.S. 4th Infantry Division. Omaha was also invaded by the U.S., but by the 29th and 1st Infantry Divisions. Gold and Sword, the eastern side of Normandy, were invaded by the British 50th and 3rd Infantry Divisions. The last beach, Juno, was invaded by the Canadian 3rd Infantry Division. And on top of all that the farthest western and eastern sides of Normandy were also attacked by the U.S. 82nd, 101st , and the British 6th Airborne Division. The U.S., Great Britain, and Canada also had help for Czechoslovakia, Australia, New Zealand, Poland, France, Greece, Norway, and the Netherlands.
Although the Invasion of Normandy took place on June 6th, 1944, the original plan was to invade Normandy on June 5th, 1944 but the attack was delayed due to a storm. These decisions were made by the U.S. General who would become the 34th President of the United States of America, Dwight D. Eisenhower. At the end of the two month long invasion the casualties were at about 409,000. The Allied lost about 209,000 men and the Axis lost about 200,000. These numbers do not include civilian casualties. After the "Atlantic Wall" was broken the Beaches of Normandy were occupied by by almost 850,000 Allied soldiers. By the end of the invasion the Allied forces had captured about 200,000 prisoners of war.
To honor those who gave their lives on the beaches of Normandy are honored with memorials and cemeteries spread out across the different beaches in Normandy, like this one on "Omaha" Beach. After D-Day and the liberation of France the War in Europe was as good as over and the Allied powers would fix there eyes on finishing the war in the Pacific as well.

Zapotoczny, Jr., Walter S. "Normandy, Battle of." World Book Student, World Book, 2017, www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar753727. Accessed 19 Apr. 2017.

Zapotoczny, Jr., Walter S. "D-day." World Book Student, World Book, 2017, www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar146180. Accessed 21 Apr. 2017.

History.com Staff. "D-Day." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2009. Web. 21 Apr. 2017.

Penrose, Jane. The D-Day companion: leading historians explore history's greatest amphibious assault. Oxford: Osprey, 2009. Print.

Vat, Dan Van der, John S. D. Eisenhower, and Peter Christopher. D-Day: the greatest invasion: a people's history. Toronto: Black Walnut , 2007. Print.

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Andrew Harbottle
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