In Gideon v. Wainwright (1963), the Supreme Court ruled that the Constitution requires the states to provide defense attorneys to criminal defendants charged with serious offenses who cannot afford lawyers themselves. The case began with the 1961 arrest of Clarence Earl Gideon.
Side one: Clarence Earl Gideon Said that any person charged with any criminal act should get representation or an attorney.Gideon represented himself in trial. He was found guilty and sentenced to five years in prison. Gideon filed a Habeas Corpus petition.
Side Two: Louie L. Wainwright He was getting accused by Gideon and had been taking it to the court where it was decided that the court can not stop the person from hiring a lawyer and they do not have to appoint one to the person being convicted.
Decision: Through the years, the Supreme Court has heard several cases about whether poor criminal defendants had a right to a lawyer at public expense, or whether the Sixth Amendment only meant that the government could not stop accused persons from hiring one. So a person can hire an attorney and one does not have to be assigned.
Gideon v. Wainwright." Oyez, https://www.oyez.org/cases/1962/155. Accessed 1 Mar. 2017. Work cited from the Oyez Project.