Unit 5: The Executive Branch Vocabulary

Chief of State: Public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state

Chief Executive: Leader or administrator in charge of managing an organization

Chief Administrator: Responsible for administrative management of private, public or governmental corporations and the de facto head of organizations

Chief of Party: One who provides leadership in the overall management of large projects or initiatives and represents the view of a party as a whole

Chief Diplomat: The president decides what American diplomats and ambassadors shall say to foreign governments

Commander in Chief: Head of state or officer in supreme command of a country's armed forces

Chief Legislator: The president of the U.S.; responsible for setting the shape of both foreign and domestic policy

Chief Citizen: The president represents all the people of the United States

Presidential Succession: The set order of officials who act as the president of the United States if the president dies

Presidential Succession Act of 1947: Law specifying the order of presidential succession following the vice president

National Bonus Plan: It awards all the bonus votes to the winner of the popular vote

Executive Article: Establishes the presidency and gives the executive power of the Federal Government to the president

Imperial Presidency: A United States presidency that is characterized by greater power than the Constitution allows

Oath of Office: An oath or affirmation a person takes before undertaking the duties of an office

Executive Order: A rule or order issued by the president to an executive branch of the government and having the force of law

Ordinance Power: The rule making authority of the president granted by the constitution

Treaty: A formally concluded and ratified agreement between countries

Executive Agreement: An international agreement made by the executive branch of the U.S government without ratification

Recognition: Formal acknowledgement by a country that another political entity fulfills the conditions of statehood and is eligible to be dealt with as a member of the international community

Persona non grata: A foreign person who is entering or remaining in a particular country is prohibited by that country's government

Line Item Veto: Authorizes a chief executive to reject particular provisions of a bill enacted by a legislature without vetoing the entire bill

Reprieve: An official order that delays the punishment of a prisoner who is sentenced to death

Pardon: Granted to an individual often by the action of a government official

Clemency: The act by an executive member of the government of extending mercy to a convicted individual

Commutation: Action or process of commuting a judicial sentence

Amnesty: An official pardon for people who have been convicted of political offenses

Domestic Affairs: Relations within your own group, country, or religion, as opposed to Foreign affairs

Foreign Affairs: Policy of a government in dealing with other countries or with activities overseas

Foreign Policy: A governments strategy in dealing with other nations

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