Astronomical Knowledge

Albert Einstein

He was born in Ulm Germany, and later was influenced by a compass at age five, and later dropped out of school due to the authoritarian attitude of some teachers, and later enrolled to the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School. Excelled in math and physics, but his other subjects didn't suffice enough to let enter. But later after some courses, entered the school, and received a diploma in math, and physics.

Like before, he didn't excel in many subjects, because his interest was solely in math, or physics.

He descovered a new way of looking towards our universe, being that time, and space are connected, and that the laws of physics are the same.

Galileo

Born in Pisa, and having six siblings. He later on inherited the skepticism of the government by his father, a well famous lutenist, and music theorists. Later the family having financial problems, and made Galileo have the passion of inventing things to help with their financial problems.

He happens to a lutenist himself, and let's say that he happens to be very good at it as well.

It is a misconception that he made the first telescopes, but he did significantly improved on the design of it, and making the telescope more efficient in seeing power. And doing so, he descovered the craters in the moon, the sunspots, and the tracking phase of Venus, and discovered the rings of Saturn. And successfully found the four massive moons of Jupiter.

Le Verrier

Born in Saint-Lô Manch France he studied at École Polytechnique, and briefly studied chemistry, and later switched to astronomy. Most particularly celestial mechanics. Accepting a job in the Paris Observatory, and later becoming the head director of the institution.

He happens to do a paper about the combination of phosphorus and hydrogen, and phosphorus and oxygen.

His achievement includes the finding of Neptune by using mathematical equations, and astronomical observations of the known planet of Uranus.

William Herschel

Born in Electorate f Hanover in Germany, his family a Lutheran Christians. His father was a oboist in the Hanover military band. Later Hanover was intergrated to Great Britain due to the looming threat of war against France. And unfortunately due to the defeat in the battle of Hastenback, their father send both of his son to seek refugee in England. The first son got dismissed, while Herschel got accused of desertion, thankfully King George the III pardoned Herschel, and happen to join an orchestra. Later his interest in astronomy grew, and later meet Astronomer Royal Nevil Maskelyne.

Did you know he was a violinist, a harpsichord, and also the organ. With that skills, he happen to be violin soloist, and produced music pieces.

His contribution into astronomy is when he investigated the sighting towards double stars, and reveled cluster stars in the nebula in the Messier catalogue, and counted 2,500 stars in 1802, and 5,000 stars in 1820. But in 1781, he happens to realize that he wasn't observing a star. But a planet know as Uranus, and also two of it's moons.

Clyde Tombaugh

Born in Streater Illinois. He happens to live the farm life, like all of those who happens to be born from a typical farmer. Later moving to Burdett Kansas, in 1922. His plans of college was literally destroyed, when his farm crops where destroyed by a hailstorm. Then he built his own telescope out of glass, and mirrors (because he can). After getting a job in the Lowell observatory by giving them drawings of Jupiter, and Mars.

He happens to teach naval officers navigation in the Northern Arizona University during World War Two.

He contributed by finding the dwarf planet Pluto, and also discovering hundrededs of other asteroids as well as starting from 2839 Annette.

Percival Lowell

He was born in Boston Massachusetts, and into a wealthy family. Later on graduating from Noble and Greenough school, with a distinction in math, and happen to do a speech about nebular hypothesis. Later got a degree from Amherst College, and Clark University. Later becoming a foreign secretary , and a counselor for a special Korean diplomat mission for America. Later observing other cultures like Japan's culture.

He happens to make a book about Japanese culture when he stayed in Japan in particular.

His discovery is mostly based about Martian Canals, and how he found out that mars happens to have canals on the surface, and especially finding asteroid 793 Arizona

Isaac Newton

He was born in Woolsthorpe Manor in county of Lincolnshire, and later schooled in The King's School, Grantham where he was thought Latin, Greek, and also math. Having to leave school, and apparently his mother trying to making a farmer out of poor Isaac. Henry Stokes, the headmaster of The King's School, Grantham. Convinced Isaac's mother to go back to school once more, and to which she did. Later entering Trinity College, Cambridge due to the recommendation of his uncle who studied their, and later on got a scholarship, which in turn guarantees of him his ability to receive a M.A. Later being troubled by the church, and somehow avoiding the troubles.

Did you know that he threatened to burn his stepfather's, and his mother mothers house. Dark isn't it?

He is well know for his Newtonian Mechanics, as well as Universal gravitation, optics, and Newton's law of motion (I think this is part of astronomy)

Vera Rubin

Born in Vera Florence Cooper in Philadelphia, and her family were Jewish immigrants. Later moving to Washington D.C when Vera was 10 years old and began developing interest in astronomy. She became a undergraduate in Vessar College due to Maria Mitchell. Their she earned her BA degree in 1948, and later enrolled to Cornell, where she studied physics under Phillip Morrison, and also quantum physics under Richard Feynman. Later completing her M.A thesis study in 1951.

Did you know that she attempted to enroll into Princeton, but was turned down due to being a female.

Her discovery includes the finding of gravity rotations problems, dark matter, and her own Rubin-Ford effect.

Edwin Hubble

Born in Marshfield Missouri, he was more of a man of athletics. Going to the University of Chicago, and also a man who was gifted in math, philosophy, and astronomy, which in turn earned him his bachelors degree in science in 1910.

Did you know he did football, basketball, baseball and track.

He happens to discover that the Andromeda nebula wasn't a nebula, or a star, but also a galaxy. By do so, he discovered more galaxies, and began naming them. All in all discovering 49 galaxies, and later making the Hubble sequence.

A nova is a star increasing it's brightness, and then slowly returning to it's original state after a few months.
A supernova is a point when a star dies, and goes of like an oversized firecrackers. But in all seriousness, this happens when they reach the end of their life, and can outshine the entire galaxy.
Open Cluster are relatively loose group of stars
A globular cluster is collection of stars in a spherical shape due to high dense gravity.
A nebula is a cluster of gas, and dust visible in space, or in the night sky.
A galaxy is a system of millions, or billions of stars, with gas and dust kept toghter with gravitational attraction.
A quasar is a massive, and remote celestial object that emits a large amount of energy.
A black hole is a spot in space that haves so much gravitational pull, that no anything (literally) can be able to escape it's grasp.
A black dwarf is remnant of a white dwarf that cooled down significantly that it doesn't emit heat, or light at all.
A white dwarf is the final stage of a star when it almost runs out it's nuclear materials inside the sun.
The sun is the star in the center of the solar system.
A solar flare is a momentary eruption of high-energy radiation from the sun's surface.
A solar prominence is a very big, bright feature extending outwards from the sun's surface.
A patch of cooled area on the sun's surface that appears time from time.
A continuing flow of charged particles coming from the sun.
An Aurora is a collision between electrically charged particles released from sun, and entering earth's atmosphere, and colliding with the gases in the earth's atmosphere.
A solar eclipse is when the moon obscures the sun.
Mercury is actually the smallest innermost planet in our solar system.
Venus is the second planet orbiting from the sun and had the longest rotation in any planet in the solar system.
Mars is the fourth planet from our sun, and is actually the second smallest lancet in the solar system.
Jupiter is the biggest planet in the whole solar system, and is the fifth planet from the sun.
Saturn is the second largest planet the solar system, and is the sixth planet from our sun.
Uranus (I personally think this was a joke) is the third largest planet in the solar system planet and is the seventh planet from our sun.
Neptune is the fourth largest planet by diameter, and is the eighth, and farthest known planet from our sun.
Pluto isn't a planet, but a dwarf planet. Just putting this up first, and is the first object from the Kuiper belt, and is one of the rings of bodies beyond Neptune.
A comet contains ice, and dust, and have contrails of ice and dust.
A Oort Cloud is a large of shells of ice spread out in the far reaches of the solar system.
The asteroid belt is in region between Mars, and Jupiter. To which this is where most of our asteroid is in the solar system.
An asteroid is a small piece of matter coming from space.
Our moon is the Earth's natural satellite, and can be visibly scene in the night sky.

Apparent Magnitude is the magnitude of a planet, or a celestial object, as it's measured from our earth.

Absolutely Magnitude is the magnitude of the brightness coming from a celestial object.

Eclipsing Variable Star is two stars revolving around all around center of mass.

Variable Star is star whose brightness is seen from our little Earth.

Light Years is a astronomical unit that equivalent to the distance of light travel in one year only.

Astronomical Unit is measurement that is the equivalent of 149.6 million kilometers, or distance from the center of the earth to the center of the sun.

Event Horizon is a boundary in space time, to which is a point of me return.

Electromagnetic Spectrum is a radiation classsified by it's wavelength, and into radio waves.

ROYGBIV is a acronym for all the colors of the rainbow, in proper order.

Dark Matter is more of possibility if their is a type of mater that is different from dark energy.

Redd Taylor. (2012 June 11). Famous Astronomers | List of of Great Scientists in Astronomy. Retrieved April 2. 2017 from http://www.space.com/16095-famous-astronomers.html

Sea and Sky. (1998 N.A). Celestial Objects, our cosmic neighbor. Retrieved April 2. 2017 from http://www.seasky.org/celestial-objects/moons.html

Famous astronomers. (2011 N.A). Famous Astronomers. Retrieved April 1. 2017 from http://famousastronomers.org

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