The Main caused of ww1 by:megan mccarter

There were four main causes of World War I: militarism, alliances, imperialism and nationalism. The first world war was a direct result of these four main causes, but it was triggered by the assassination of the Austrian archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife.

Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophia

The archduke and his wife Sophia were assassinated on june 28 1914. They were in Sarajevo doing a parade for their people, because Franz was the heir to the throne. They were shot dead by a man named Gavrilo Princip. He was apart of a terrorist group.

Gavrilo Princip

Austria-Hungary was the first country to declare war. After the assassination of the Archduke they issued an ultimatum to Serbia but, after they rejected the ultimatum, Austria-Hungary declared war. They made assumptions that Serbia had something to do with the assassination, even though there was no evidence of that.

A newspaper article written in 1914

The assassination is what sparked it but there are a few other causes of WWI.

Imperialism is a main cause of World War One, Imperialism is a cause of WWI because countries were always wanting to gain more colonies to build their empire. This built tension between them because they were constantly competing for land.

Nationalism was also a cause of WWI. Nationalism is having pride in your country. It contributed to the start of the war because people believed that their country was the best, therefore this fuelled the fire.

A cause of World War One is Alliances. Alliances were another cause of war because it caused many countries to enter into the conflict. As the alliances joined and then their alliances joined the war grew and grew and eventually the whole world was involved. The main allies were the Triple Entente and the Triple Alliance. The Triple Entente consisted of Britain, France and Russia. Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy were all apart of the Triple Alliance.

Militarism was a cause of war because it was a “race of arms” between Britain, Germany and France. Britain had the biggest navy, so Germany was always trying to one up them. If Britain had 100 ships, Germany would go and get 150 and it would continue over and over again.

Another cause of this war was lack of international organization. At that time there was no United Nations to instill rules and regulations for international affairs. There was only The Hague Court Of Arbitration. And they only assisted in individual treaties, that were created between two nations These treaties were sometimes contradicted with treaties of other nations.

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