Vietnam War November 1, 1955 – April 30, 1975

Values and Beliefs
AMERICAN TACTICS

Some of the America's tactics during the war were:

  • Using B52 bombers, artillery, and helicopters. This killed many innocent civilians, and failed to stop the Vietcong guerrillas. It was proven less effective because of the environment they were in.
  • They forced locals to leave Vietcong-controlled areas and made them live in defended strategic loyal areas. This created immense opposition, and allowed Vietcong infiltrators into loyal areas, similar to how ISIS has our soldiers captive.
  • American troops were sent on patrols, then became targets seen by air and artillery when attacked. This demoralized the soldiers, who realized they were being used just as bait.
  • Search and destroy patrols went out looking for the Vietcong. But the patrols were very visible, and easy to ambush, as stated above. This led to angry outbreaks such as "zippo raids" to burn villages, and the massacre of peaceful villagers in 1968.
At home it wasn't easy either. While we were fighting the war, many refused and resisted the draft, resulting in conflict of those who left. Not like home was much more cheerful. America also fighting but with one another, through protests. There was still apparent racism in America leading to African Americans siding with Vietnam.

MUSIC

Music was very influential during the war, especially on the side of anti-war.
Songs sparked a generation of peace and love, and soon started "Hippies".

The most well known music was, made from the more peace oriented groups.

PROPAGANDA

America adapted to a new tactic as the war continued, propaganda. Most posters were aimed at the religious view point to try to confine Vietnam slowly to democracy, starting the "Passage to Freedom". Many posters were around America saying things such as "Join the War" with pictures of children sparking hope for their future. Surprisingly, some attempts did work very well, but most failed.

By the amount of soldiers drafted, there had to be more media to keep notes on family and friends on the other side of the world. By the height of the war, America had a total of 600 journalists in Vietnam, and more than 60 were killed during war. Media also helped the spread of peace at home. In the pictures below, photographers wore helmets like solders, and some received broken cameras due to the action.

ECONOMICS

The war took several hits to our nations economy, starting with our production fields. Factories didn't have enough to build the required military items, and the cost of the war on top resulted in a very drained America. But the drain lasted much more than just the economics, the drain continued down to our government, families, and the whole nation.

FOREIGEN POLICY
GOVERNMENT
THE DRAFT

FOREIGN POLICY

During the Vietnam war, Americas foreign policy was very similar to what we have today with Trump. The war raised caution about foreigners entering the US, in which case we upped our security, ands more carefully weighed the risks of intruding in other countries as well.

GOVERNMENT

Our government was the reason we went to war. We wanted to spread democracy to the communist area of Vietnam. Similar to past wars, our government reached out to help the other nations of the world gain freedom, as the US did against Britain.

THE DRAFT

This was a very painful and quick draft, and many refused it, but not registering, which is now required by law. They started a "draft lottery" which basically is drawing names out of a hat on a much larger scale, but they could only take names of those who were registered, and those who did not register were known as "draft dodgers", and many of those selected moved to Canada to avoid the draft as well, with knowledge of our disadvantages.

FAMILY ROLES

Many families were separated because of the draft. Weather it be fathers, brothers or uncles there were less men in the families. This took a big role on children, just as children of military parents do today. Sad enough, some didn't even get to know their fathers. Mothers were abandoned at the gates of the draft and had to learn to raise their children all by their selves as well as provide for their family. But after the war, the solders that returned home had the greatest welcoming home parties waiting for them off the plane.

The Vietnam war left solders in utter shock because of the brutal violence they witnessed. Some saw the loss of their friends, and much, much worse horrors. Some American veterans had emotional and physical injuries that they would have for the rest of their lives. Most remained proud of their service and of the role in United States Military during the conflict. Out of the 27 million solders sent to the war, only about 11% came back, and that is a very sad rate.

PURPOSE OF THE WAR

The Vietnam War was the longest and most expensive war in American History. The price we paid wasn't just money, it cost the people who were involved, physically and mentally. This war caused great distress and sadness, as well as national confusion. So why would America put a country through such heartache? In simplest terms, to stop the spread of communism. America attempted to stop the south part of Vietnam becoming communists like the north, so America sent in money and all the help they could to stop Vietnam becoming a communist country. Vietnam was part of the French, but, during World War 2 the Japanese took over, and claimed Vietnam as its own.The Vietnamese communist movement was formed to resist the Japanese. The United States was lending its financial support to France, when the Japanese defeated France, the United States sent money and military consultants to the non-communist government of South Vietnam. Unfortunately, dealing with an Asian land war the United States couldn't win, and Vietnam remained communist.

RACE EQUALITY

The Vietnam war had the highest portion of African American men to serve in a war. Volunteers and draftees included many frustrated blacks whose impatience with the war and the delays in racial progress in America led to race riots on a number of ships and military bases, as seen above in other sections. The beginning of 1968, the services' response to such activity, was creating interracial councils and racial sensitivity training.

CITES

"New American Nation." Encyclopedia of the New American Nation. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 May 2017.

African Americans in the Vietnam War. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 May 2017.

"The Purpose of the Vietnam War." The Purpose of the Vietnam War :: Vietnam War US. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 May 2017.

Shmoop Editorial Team. "Ideology in The Vietnam War." Shmoop. Shmoop University, 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 02 May 2017.

"BBC - GCSE Bitesize: Vietcong and American Tactics." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 02 May 2017.

Caligure, Anthony. "American Home-Front During & After the Vietnam War." Prezi.com. N.p., 14 Nov. 2013. Web. 02 May 2017.

Credits:

Created with images by DaveFirth - "vehicle military amphibian" • Nicholas_T - "Deep Woods"

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