Chile Earthquake 2010 By: alex kurowski

This Earthquake occurred in Chile, South America just near the city of Maula. The magnitude of this Earthquake was sighted at 8.8. It is one of the largest in South American history. The area that this earthquake took place in was right on the boundary of the Nazca plate and the South American Plate. This boundary is known as a convergent boundary because the Nazca plate will sub duct under the South American plate due to density. This boundary has known to be very active and has had over 40 major above a 7.7 in the last 150 years. The plate moves about 1.4 inches per year which is why the plate builds so much tension.

The area of Chile that was hit is one of the Most populated areas in Chile. The earthquake affected six regions of Chile the most which takes up about 80% of the population. The climate of Central Chile is of temperate Mediterranean type, with the amount of rainfall increasing considerably and progressively from north to south. Concepción the average monthly temperatures are somewhat lower in the summer at 17.6 °C but higher in the winter at 9.3 °C, and the amount of rain is much greater. In the summer, Concepción receives an average of twenty millimeters of rain per month; in June and July, the city is pounded by an average of 253 millimeters per month. typical mediterranean fruits such as avocado, citrus, olives and grapes being cultivated. After the major 1960 earthquake, Chile developed a national strategy to improve the ability of buildings to withstand quakes. It developed a seismic design code for new buildings, and homes and offices are now constructed to sway with seismic waves rather than try to resist them. Experts say it’s largely due to the fortitude of the country’s buildings that the 2010 earthquake did not have anywhere near the casualty count of Haiti, where a lower-magnitude quake (7.0) that same year led to a significantly higher death count.

The final tally for the Earthquake came out to be around 525 people who were killed, 25 people missing, and 9% of people who were affected, lost there homes. A tsunami warning was given off in most countries in the pacific and on the coast of South America just hours after the earthquake. There was somewhat of a food scarcity in chile and the beer industry was hit hard when most factories were destroyed. Many countries like Argentina, Mexico, United States, Pakistan, etc. were the first to respond to this earthquake. Television host Don Francisco sent out a telethon named Chile help chile to raise over 15 million pesos for the rebuild of the cities. Chile's economic loss was estimated to be around 30 billion dollars. They began to reinstruct apartment buildings due to the ones that collapsed. They sent up new alarm warnings when it came to tsunamis because the ones before were not good enough to notify everyone. They also enhanced communication with countries in the pacific for other tsunami attacks.

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