Chavin, Nazca, Moche Social. political. interactions. culture. economic.

Social

  • -Farming changed people's way of life. The difference between social classes began to emerge.
  • Higher social classes were known to have existed based on their intricate and higher class tombs in which they were buried along with their valuables.
  • The commoners were made up of laborers and workers who helped build structures.
  • Moche: The kings and priests were at the top and lived near the pyramids and temples. They were praised and worshiped. They were also showered in lots of jewels and riches. Artisans were the middle class. The servants, farmers, slaves, beggars, and fishermen were lower class.
  • Chavin: Local chiefs and more powerful king dominated politics -Priest class ruled religious life

Political

  • Structure of the Chavin Cult is its strong tie to their religious system of beliefs.
  • Their gods were thought to have a strong political influence in that they helped them become more economically strong.
  • Tie between government and religion made them an early form of theocracy.
  • The Chavin government had an elite class consisting of priests, administrators, and wealthy traders.
  • The capital of this empire was Chavin de Huantar, a city built at a crossroads between trade routes.
  • In Moche culture warrior-priests and lords have the right to the throne.
  • Moche political power was fragmented.Each river valley and village had its own royalty and warrior-priesthood.
  • Nazca had fairly small social units that were governed independently.
  • The images on Nazca ceramics don’t indicate that there was a hierarchy or classification of the people according to ability or to economic, social, or professional standing within the society

Interactions

  • Due to the dry climate and area in Nazca, extensive irrigation systems and underground canals were built to help with farming.
  • Moche civilization used rivers that flowed from the Andes Mountains. They built irrigation systems to water their wide range of crops.
  • The Nazca people created an aqueduct system to sustain life in the exceedingly arid environment.
  • The Nazca irrigation system was made up of underground channels, known as puquios, which tapped into the subsurface water. The channels were dug into the mountainside until they reached the aquifers under the surface.
  • To avoid the temple's being flooded and destroyed during the rainy season, the Chavín people created a successful drainage system. Several canals built under the temple acted as drainage.

Culture

  • Nazca’s were known for their beautiful textiles and pottery.
  • Flourished along the southern coast of Peru from 200 B.C to A.D 600
  • Very dry area, had to develop extensive irrigation systems
  • Moche culture lasted from about A,D 100 to A,D 700
  • Used resources like rivers that flowed from the Andes Mountains
  • The people of the civilization believed their gods to hold almighty power above all classes of people
  • Enormous wealth
  • Built irrigation systems to water their wide range of crops
  • Brilliant ceramic artists
  • Chavin: pyramids , plazas, and massive earthen mounds.
  • Culture spread quickly across much of northern and central Peru.
  • Have no evidence of political or economic organizations within the culture which leads archaeologists to conclude that they were primarily a religious civilizations

Economic

  • Large animals such as the mammoth were hunted down till their extinction.
  • After the extinction, people moved onto hunting and eating smaller animals such as deer and rabbits.
  • People began to farm and rely on wild edible plants
  • They grew squashes, gourds, beans, avocados, and chilies. Corn was the important crop.
  • Farmers created small islands in swamps and shallow lakes. Then planted crops on top of it. This system provided irrigation and was very productive.
  • Chavin society did not have political or economic organization so it was concluded that it was a religious civilization.
  • The land of Nazca civilization was extremely dry so they developed extensive irrigation systems and underground canals.
  • Moche civilization grew corn, beans, potatoes, squash, and peanuts.
  • Moche tombs were discovered which showed that they were wealthy. They also ate a diet rich in protein.

Credits:

Created with images by Doug Scortegagna - "Tierra del Fuego" • Hari K Patibanda - "Bhoga Nandiswara Temple, Nandi Hills" • chornamariya - "Forest" • Pexels - "abstract ancient antique" • Unsplash - "wind farm farm rural"

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