In 2014, Keepers of the Marañón River organized on how to protect their ecosystems, but the criminalization started as a consequence of mobilizations and public complaints where the communities claimed how they would be harmed by hydropower, as well as the dangers of disrupting such ecosystem.
One of the major concerns was that the formulation of these projects were drafted and approved without prior informed consents of the local communities, and dismissed the richness and importance of this biodiverse ecosystem from a socio-environmental, cultural and ancestry point of view.
EarthRights International joined the efforts of a group of ronderos who were suffering criminal persecution and stigmatization by the company Odebrecht for their rights to access to environmental information and freedom of expression and association.
Even though there was a favorable result in court towards the claims against Odebrecht, this took several years where the 'ronderos' received threats and suffered violence against them and their families.
1. cliff hellis; Rio Maranon; July 14, 2008; (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0). 2. cliff hellis; Rio Maranon Sunset; July 14, 2008; (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0). 3. Douglas Fernandes; Mapa vial del Perú (07); October 14, 2012; (CC BY 2.0). 4. Ministerio del Ambiente; Monitoreo ambiental en la cuenca del río Marañón; September 12, 2013; (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0). 5. Ministerio del Ambiente; Monitoreo ambiental en la cuenca del río Marañón; September 23, 2013; (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0).