Mitochondria By: Adrianna Deatore

  • Mitochondria have a very important role to cells. They produce the energy currency of the cell through respiration (oxidizing food), and to regulate cellular metabolism.
  • They are organelles that act like a digestive system which takes in nutrients, breaks them down, and creates energy rich molecules for the cell.
  • Parts of the mitochondria include the inner membrane, the outer membrane, cristae, and the matrix. They also contain DNA.
  • The folding of the inner membrane (cristae), increases the surface area inside the organelle. It makes more space for the Matrix.
  • Mitochondria are found in all body cells, with the exception of a few. There are usually multiple mitochondria found in one cell, depending upon the function of that type of cell.
  • Mitochondria are located in the cytoplasm of cells along with other organelles of the cell.
  • They are located in the cytoplasm because this is where the, water, salts, and proteins are located in the cells.
  • The Mitochondria is the electricity of this school.
  • Mitochondria are shaped perfectly to maximize their productivity. They are made of two membranes. The outer membrane covers the organelle and contains it like a skin. The inner membrane folds over many times and creates layered structures called cristae.
Created By
Adrianna Deatore
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Credits:

Created with images by Libertas Academica - "Figure 3B" • biology flashcards - "Mitochondria" • NICHD NIH - "Bone cancer cell (nucleus in light blue)" • University of Exeter - "Worm Muscle by Timothy Etheridge" • NICHD NIH - "Cells with nuclei in blue, mitochondria in green, and the actin cytoskeleton in red"

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