The Constitution was written by the people in 1789 to establish a more structured union. The Constitution was written based on different ideas, as shown below.
Popular Sovereignty is the idea that the people are the source of the governments power. Popular sovereignty is shown in the preamble where it states "We the people." The Constitution was written by the people to show that we are a unified country.
Limited government is the idea that the government has only the power that the constitution gives it. Limited government is shown in Article 1, Section 8, Clause 1, where is states that they have the power to collect and lay taxes, duties, imposts, and excises. It is also shown in Article 2, Section 1, Clause 11, where it states that they declare war.
Separation of Powers
Separation of powers is the idea that the government's power is divided into three branches, which are the legislative, executive, and the judicial branch. Separation of powers is shown in Article 1, Section 1, Clause 1, where it states that all of the powers equal. It is also shown in Article 2, section 1, clause 1, where it states that the executive branch enforces and carries out laws.
Federalism states that the federal government and the state government share power. Federalism is shown in article 1, section 10, clause 1, where it says that the states do not have power to make treaties. It is also shown in article 2, section 10, clause 11, where it says that no state shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation.
Checks and Balances
Checks and Balances is the idea that each branch of government has the power to limit the actions of the other two. Checks and balances is shown in article 1, section 2, clause 5, where it states that the House of Representatives can impeach the president. It also states in article 3, section 1, that they can hold their offices and be revealed by the government.
Representative government is the idea that citizens can elect representatives to government to make laws. Representative government is shown in article 1, section 2, clause 1, where it says that people can elect their representative. It is also shown in article 4, section 2, clause 1, where it states that citizens have all privileges and immunities of a citizen.
1. What does "We the People" mean?
2. Who was the Constitution written by?
3. What is the most important Principle in your opinion?
4. What was the main idea for Checks and balances?
5. What is the Function of Federalism?
6. How effective do you think the 6 principles are in helping structure the government?