Basic information: TV really became a powerful technology device in the 1950s. In fact, the television became the largest source of information since the printing press had been invented. America was very fearful and threatened about the idea of nuclear war, and this really impacted television during this time period.
How much were TVs being used? : In 1950 less that one of every ten American homes had a TV in it, but this changed very suddenly. Only five years later two thirds of American homes had televisions. News stations started to take the air quickly, and join with a network. Some of the networks were: ABC, CBS, NBC, and DuMont Television Network. Surveys showed that by 1961 Americans thought that television was the most "most believable" news source. Also for the first time ever in 1963 more people said that they relied on television than the newspaper for their news.
How TV was used as a propaganda tool? : TV was used a propaganda tool in many places such as schools. Educational videos were played that showed what to do in the event of a nuclear attack. “Duck and Cover”, a film from 1951, is one of the most popular films having to do with propaganda in this time period.
TV event with John F. Kennedy: On October 22, 1962, President John F. Kennedy informed the American people about the chances of nuclear war occuring and about Soviet missiles in Cuba. Right before Kennedy was going to go out in front of the cameras, the Soviets got a copy of his speech. President Kennedy then demanded for the missiles to be removed, and spoke to Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev telling him to step way from the nuclear verge. According to americanforeignrelations.com, this was a very "skillful" way of using TV, and this event took over TV news for the next 6 days.