Persian Gulf War: 1990-1991 Project by Jack Steward

Background

  • Just when a long war between Iran and Iraq seemed to be coming to an end, at a meeting with some of the countries' leaders, Saddam Hussein (Iraq's leader) accused the neighbouring nation Kuwait of stealing oil by drilling across the border. He continued to make more and more accusations, eventually getting Saudi Arabia involved, and started Iraqi troops to gather on the border for invasion.

Battle

  • On August 2, 1990, Iraq's invasion of Kuwait started with many troops and tanks. The United Nations teamed up with some other Arab nations and organised armies to protect Saudi Arabia and to get Iraq out of Kuwait. Iraq's initial invasion was swift and brutal, and the United Nations regarded it as "unacceptable." The anti-Iraq group set a deadline for Saddam Hussein to leave Iraq, and past that deadline they would use force.

Operation Desert Storm and Desert Shield

  • Saddam Hussein refused to leave, and after that deadline, a famous air offensive from the anti-Iraq group known as Operation Desert Storm began. It was very destructive and did significant damage to Iraqi assets. Operation Desert Shield was the name for a few things: protecting Saudi Arabia, trapping Iraq in Kuwait, and the anti-Iraq group itself.

Highway of Death

  • This was the name given to a large highway from Kuwait to Iraq that was bombarded in late February of 1991. This road was heavily used by Iraq during the war. The bombardment was part of Operation Desert Storm, and it killed at least 800 to 1000 retreating Iraqi soldiers, destroyed many tanks and vehicles, and destroyed the highway.

Gulf War "Syndrome"

  • This is a mostly unexplained illness that affects many Gulf War veterans. Some symptoms are worse in certain people, but overall, it is part brain issues and part painful joint and skin issues. The most likely cause that has been identified is chemicals and toxins used during the war.

Kuwait's Oil Wells' Destruction

  • Iraq did two different horrible things to Kuwait's oil wells, drills, and reserves. The first took place in January 1991; Iraq opened valves and let 6 to 4 million barrels of oil out of an offshore oil structure into the Persian Gulf. The second took place through 1991; retreating troops set fire to oil drills and fields, rendering them useless and dangerous and causing a loss of about 30 million barrels of oil.

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