Mahatma Gahndi You must be the change you wish to see in the world.

“If civilization itself is to survive, all mankind must eventually accept Gahndhi's Philosophy" - General Douglas MacArthur

Born October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat, North West India, From a Hindu Modh family.

“Mahatma,” meaning ‘Great Soul.’

Father- Chief Minister of Porbandar. Mother was devoted to religion in the Jain pacifist teachings of mutual tolerance, non-injury to living beings and vegetarianism. Received a wide-ranging education. Followed parent’s wishes to pursue a law degree. He attended University College London at the age of 18.

University College London

Witnessed the system of ‘apartheid’ legislation. 'Apartheid' was an Afrikaans word meaning ‘the status of being apart’ which became government policy in 1948. It separates whites from ‘natives’, ‘coloreds’ and ‘Asians’, in every area of life, from the buses they travel to work on, to the beaches where they holiday.

'Apartheid' Legislation

He spent 21 years in South Africa, raising awareness against racial segregation. Removed from a first class train even though he had a ticket. Witnessed racial bias of his countrymen was a catalyst for his activism. Founded a political movement known as Natal Indian Congress which focused on non-violent civil protest.

Returned to India in 1916 and raised awareness of oppressive practices of their British masters in Bihar 2 years later.

Also, encouraged oppressed villagers to improve their own circumstances, leading peaceful strikes and protests. This caused him to became more well-known and became known as ‘Mahatma.’

His political influence spread and by 1921 lead the Indian National Congress where he reorganized the “party’s constitution around the principle of ‘Swaraj’, or complete political independence from the British”.

After Britain introduced a tax on salt in 1930, he led a 250-mile march to the sea to collect his own salt. Results were an “alleviation of poverty, granted status to the ‘untouchables’, enshrined rights for women, and led inexorably to Gandhi’s goal of ‘Swaraj’: political independence from Britain.”

Salt March

The 15th of August 1947, marked India’s celebration of independence from British rule.

Fearing the tension between the Hindus and Muslims, he worked tirelessly for peace between the two states.

On the 12th of January 1948, Gandhi undertook his last successful fast in New Delhi, to persuade Hindus and Muslims in that city to work toward peace.

On January 30th, less than two weeks after breaking that fast, he was assassinated by a Hindu extremist on his way to an evening prayer meeting.

Gandhi was nominated 5 times for the Nobel Peace Prize, but never received it.

Why choose Gandhi?

Gandhi was one of the most influential leaders of all time and played a vital role in creating a nation independent from British rule. He accomplished his goals purely through non-violent protests. Although he was met with violent opposition and imprisonment, he maintained his values regarding his morals and non-injury towards all living beings.

Gandhi's movement was one of the key influences for the non-violent movement from the film viewed in class. His principles inspired great leaders like MLK and more.

Spirit of the Squirrel: Gandhi believed in a unified and independent India, and brought the people together. He knew every person had to work towards the cause.

Way of the Beaver: Gandhi knew autonomy was important to break British control and encouraged the people to be self-sufficient and make their own clothes and march for their own sea salt.

Gift of the Goose: Many speeches were given that called out for non-violent action and Gandhi commemorated the people who chose peaceful solutions. He made them acknowledge every step is important to success.

Gandhi sought change he did not simply wait around hoping it would come. He used his own peaceful methods to make a change to achieve his "spiritual" cheese.

We but mirror the world. All the tendencies present in the outer world are to be found in the world of our body. If we could change ourselves, the tendencies in the world would also change. As a man changes his own nature, so does the attitude of the world change towards him. -Gandhi

Relational Leader - Commitment toward positive purposes that are inclusive of people and diverse points of view, empowers those involved, is ethical, and recognizes that all four of these elements are accomplished by being process oriented.

The Owl: Collaboration.

The strength of this style is integrity. Owls can build trust, respect and deeper relationship. They are not tied to their way and tend to have an open mind for pragmatic solutions that create a win-win experience.

The struggle is that owls must have two willing parties to collaborate. These parties must have high levels of communication skills and emotional intelligence. Some conflicts require quick solutions and this style may take too long.

Gandhi had to work to bring Hindu and Muslims to work towards the same goals.

The INFJ personality type is very rare, making up less than one percent of the population, but they nonetheless leave their mark on the world. As Diplomats, they have an inborn sense of idealism and morality, but what sets them apart is the accompanying Judging (J) trait – INFJs are not idle dreamers, but people capable of taking concrete steps to realize their goals and make a lasting positive impact.

What else should you know about leadership?

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Adrian Angelo

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