Designing With Materials By lizzie murray

Elements of Art

Line- an element of art defined by a point moving in space. Line may be two-or three-dimensional, descriptive, implied, or abstract

Shape- an element of art that is two-dimensional, flat, or limited to height and width

Form- an element of art that is three-dimensional and encloses volume; includes height, width AND depth (as in a cube, a sphere, a pyramid, or a cylinder). Form may also be free flowing

Value- the lightness or darkness of tones or colors. White is the lightest value; black is the darkest. The value halfway between these extremes is called middle gray.

Space- An element of art by which positive and negative areas are defined or a sense of depth achieved in a work of art .

Color- An element of art made up of three properties: hue, value, and intensity.

• Hue- name of color

• Value- hue’s lightness and darkness (a color’s value changes when white or black is added)

• Intensity- quality of brightness and purity (high intensity= color is strong and bright; low intensity= color is faint and dull)

Texture- An element of art that refers to the way things feel, or look as if they might feel if touched.

Element Cuts Vocabulary


A lack of equality or equivalence between parts or aspects of something.


The way in which the elements in visual arts are arranged to create a feeling of equilibrium in an artwork. The three types of balance are symmetry, asymmetry, and radial.


An artistic composition made of various materials (e.g., paper, cloth, or wood) glued on a surface.


The overall placement and organization of elements in a work of art, as well as the interrelationships between individual elements.

Elements of Design

Sensory components used to create and talk about works of art: Line, color, shape/form, texture, value, space.

Geometric Shape

Any shape or form having more mathematic than organic design. Geometric designs are typically made with straight lines or shapes from geometry.


An element of art that refers to the continuous marke made on a surface by a moving point. In visual art, a delineation or fracturing of space in color or black and white. Line qualities can vary in width, length, gesture, color, direction, etc.

Negative Space

Shapes or spaces that are or represent the area unoccupied by objects.

Positive Space

Shapes or spaces in an image that represent solid objects or forms.

Principles of Design

A design concept describingthe ways in which the elements of an image are arranged (ie. balance, contrast, dominance, emphasis, movement, repitition, rhythm, variatition, unity)


A two-dimensional area or plane that may be open or closed, free form or geometric. It can be found in nature or created by humans.


The area between, around, above, below, or contained within objects. Spaces are areas defined by the shapes and forms around them and within them, just as shapes and forms are defined by the space around and within them.


A balance of parts on opposite sides of a perceived midline, giving the appearance of equal visual weight.

Elements Cut Project

Step 1: Sketch out 4 possible designs
Step 2: Narrow it down to one design
Step 3: sketch your design lightly onto the whit and black pieces of paper and cut out the color you want the shapes to be
Step 4: Cut and glue your shapes onto the background color you choose
Step 5: Cut and glue all your shapes on and then add the colored shape. After that, use the rubber cement eraser to clean up the edges.

Elements Cut Reflection

I created a balanced composition by putting my pop of color in a corner on the grid, and by placing shapes on all sides of my paper.

I used geometric shapes in my project. I only used triangles in my project, but I used all different sizes.

I focused on balance most in my design. I did this by having both sides of my design be symmetrical, except for my focal point.

I think that my overall craftsmanship on my project was good. The hardest part of the project for me was coming up with four different designs.

I used the rule of thirds in my project by putting an imaginary grid on my project. I put my focal point on an intersection between two lines in the grid so that it wasn't in the center of the paper.

I chose the color red to use as my focal point. I chose that color because, for me, the color red draws my attention the most and kind of darkens the mood and adds a little but of mystery to my design.

Glass Fuze Project


Description is identifying the literal qualities or realistic presentation of subject matter, along with the elements of art found. It demands only the facts of what can be seen, often in one or more works of art; and partly two or more works can be described by comparing them to each other.


A plan, or to plan. The organization or composition of a work; the skilled arrangement of its parts. An effective design is one in which the elements of art and principles of design have been combined to achieve an overall sense of unity.


The part of a composition that is emphasized, has the greatest visual weight, the most important, powerful, or has the most influence. A certain color can be dominant, and so can an object,line, shape, or texture.


The element of art that refers to an object with three-dimensions (height, width, and depth) and encloses volume.


The colors name. Example: red


The relation of one thing to another with respect to size and placement.


The combination of elements or art, such as line, shape, or color, in an artwork. Variety is a principle of design.

First, we had to pick out all of our class pieces and cut them. Then we used glue to put them together so that they wouldn't slip.
Next, we put it in the kiln so that the glass melted together


I chose my colors (green, blue and white) because I likes the way that they look together, and I know that my grandma really likes them. I arranged them the way I did because I wanted to have white on the bottom, then a transparent color, than an opaque color. The order it ended up being in was white, blue, green. I made sure that the white color was a square, and I cut out the blue color to be a little more triangular, and then I cur the green color out as a rectangle. I really like my design. The only thing that I would change is to maybe add a stringer onto it.

Linoleum Cut Project


The outline of a shape.


A method of showing value by using parallel lines at different angles that get darker as they are drawn closer together.

Focal Point

The area in a work of art that an artist emphasizes.

Horizon Line

In an artwork, the line where the ground and sky appear to meet.


A color scheme using only tints and shades of a single color.


A print made from a plate that can be used only once.


A word used for black, white, and tints and shades of gray. (Some artists use tints and shades of brown as neutrals.)


In printmaking, a piece of flat material, such as wood or metal, with a design on the surface. The plate is used to print the design.


An artwork created by making an impression of a design.

Print making

The transference of an image from one surface (plate or block) to another (usually paper) with ink. The process of making one or more prints.

Relief Printing

A print made by covering a printing block with ink or paint and pressing paper onto the block. The areas or lines gouged out do not print. (Examples: woodcut, block print, linocut, styrofoam plate, etc.

First, we sketched our design on paper, and then we put graphite paper on the linoleum and traced out design on top of it so that it transferred to the linoleum.
This is what it looked like after we transferred it using graphite paper.
Next, we carved out all of our marks.
Then, we chose a color and used a brayer to apply the paint to the linoleum.
After that, we put it on the paper and pressed it using the burnishing tool to make sure that our print transferred to the paper correctly.
This was what it looked like after the print was transferred.
Then, I did it again with black.
Next, we carved out a second part to our piece to crate a different print
For my first two papers, I used white paint for my second design.
And for my last two papers, I used silver.
This was the finished design with white in the middle.
And this was the finished design with silver in the middle.

In this project I learned how to work with organic shapes. It was hard for me to come up with a design at first to carve out, but I ended up really liking the one that I did. I decided to use lines of all different sizes on the outside, and in the inside I did a section that was made up of straight lines in the form of an arrow with a rhombus in the middle. It was kind of hard carving out all the different shapes at first, but it was fun once I got that hang of it. I also learned what colors work well together and which ones don't. For example, I used a white background with a gold outside and a white middle, and through that I learned that if you use the same color on your piece as the background, it won't pop as much.

Mixed Media Vocabulary


A style of art that is not realistic. Unusual lines, colors, and shapes make the subject look unrealistic. It is often characterized by the use of geometric lines and shapes and bold, bright colors.


Quick drying, plastic polymer pigment used with water.


The process of adding or joining parts and/or visual elements together to create a painting, collage or sculpture (as opposed to subtractive).


The part of the picture plane that seems to be farthest from the viewer.


Part of a two-dimensional artwork that appears to be nearer the viewer or in the “front” of the image. Middle ground and background are the parts of the picture that appear to be farther and farthest away.


Also called chroma or saturation; refers to the brightness of a color (a color is full in intensity only when in its pure form and unmixed). Color intensity can be changed by adding black, white, gray or an opposite color on the color wheel.

Middle Ground

Area of a two-dimensional work of art between the foreground (closest to the front) and background (furthest receded).

Mixed Media

An artwork in which more than one type of art material is used.


Having no recognizable object or subject; also, nonrepresentational.


A transparent pigment used with water. Paintings done with this medium are known as watercolors.

First, we taped off a section of the paper that we didn't want to heve color.
Then, we painted, put salt, and put saran wrap over it to give it a cool effect.
This is what it looked like after it dried and I removed some of the tape.
After that, we re tapped and then put a screen print over it.
Then, I did a second screen print and tapped again.
This is what it looked like after I took the tape off.
Then, we used acrylic paint and applied it using a brush with a design
Next, we used string gel to create a design, and attached it to a wood block using spray glue. Because the painting was bigger than the block, we had to trim it down using an x-acto knife


I think that the hardest part of the design process for me was using the string gel. I had a difficult time applying it where wanted it. My favorite part was when we did screen prints. I didn't want to do it at first because I thought it would look bad, but I ended up doing two of them because I really liked the way they turned out.

Silk Painting

Analogous Color

Colors that appear next to each other on the color wheel. Analagous colors have one hue in common. For example, blue, blue-green, and blue-violet all contain blue. Also called related colors.


The visual sensation dependent on the reflection or absorption of light from a given surface. An element of art made up of three distinct qualities: hue, intensity, and value.

Complementary Colors

Colors that contrast with one another. Complementary colors are opposite one another on the color wheel.

Cool Colors

The family of colors that includes greens, blues, and violets. Cool colors bring to mind cool things, places, and feelings.

Gutta Resist

Prevents dye from reaching the fabric; it resists the dye.

Intermediate Colors

Colors that are a mixture of a primary and a secondary color. Blue-green, red-orange, and red-violet are examples of intermediate colors.

Primary Colors

Colors that are mixed to make all other colors. The primary colors are red, yellow, and blue.

Secondary Color

A color made by mixing two primary colors. An equal mixture of primary colors. The secondary colors are green, violet, and orange.

Warm Colors

The family of colors that includes reds, yellows, and oranges. Warm colors bring to mind warm things, places, and feelings.

First, we sketched out our designs onto a piece of paper.
Then, we outlined it in Sharpie.
After that, we copied it onto our silk screen using pencil.
Next, we outlined it in gutta to help keep the colors from bleeding all over the silk.
After that, we started painting.
This was what it looked like when I finished painting.
Then, I touched up the colors to fill any blank space.

Batik Vocabulary


The purity of a color or its freedom from white or gray.

Color relationships

Also called color schemes or harmonies. The relationships of colors on the color wheel. Basic color schemes include monochromatic, analogous, and complementary

Color Wheel

A circular diagram of the spectrum used to show the relationships between the colors


The differences in elements, opposites.


The significance or importance given to an element of design.


Visual flow through the composition.


Repeated colors, lines, shapes, or textures in an artwork. Pattern is a principal of design. Also, a plan or model to be followed when making something.


Repetition refers to one object or shape repeated.


The repeating of one or several elements to create movement.


A color such as pink that is created by mixing a hue with white. Also, a light value of a color.


A tool used in creating batik patterns. (Batik is a wax resist decorative technique used on fabric.) They hold and dispense hot wax in such a way that the artist can control the pattern laid down by the wax with a great deal of precision.


The three color scheme on the color wheel based on a logical relationship.


The element of art that describes the lightness or darkness of a hue.

First, we sketched our design on a small piece of paper and then transferred it to a bigger one.
Then, we transferred it to a piece of cloth. I outlined it in black so it was easier to see when I transferred it from my big piece of paper to the cloth.
This was my original sketch that I used to help me transfer my designs.
Then, we started to wax parts of our cloth that we wanted to keep white.
After we waxed different parts of our cloth, we dipped it in a color and waxed again. This was mine once I dipped it in a light yellow.
This was what it looked like after I dipped it in a few different shades of green.
After we rinsed it out and let it dry, the colors got lighter, like this one.
I dipped it in a light blue and rinsed it our throughly this time.
This is what it looked like after I dipped it in a blue.
This shade of blue was a little darker than the pervious one, but its hard to tell once it dried out.
This is what my batik looked like after I dipped it in my first shade of purple and rinsed it out.
Next, we had to wax our whole thing. This is what it looked like after dipping it in a darker purple and waking over everything.
Then, we put newspaper over and under it while we ironed over it to melt off all the wax.
This is what it looked like after I ironed all the wax off, and this was the finished product.
Created By
Lizzie Murray


Created with images by jimenezpiaf - "abstract acrylic painting"

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