Internet Access and Government Control in China By Arya Patel

What my topic was

My topic was "Internet access and government control in China". The specific questions I researched for this topic was "Do the people and companies like the control? Is there a revolt against the government because of this?"

A Breif Explaination of the Topic

Internet access and government control has been in the news for the past 10 to 20 years, and is not new news. However, for the past few years there has been more talk about the topic because the government has enforced strict rules and regulations on their citizens, especially on the internet access. Due to this, there has been an uprising against the government, but in different ways. I had heard a little bit about this topic, but I wanted to find out more, so I chose to research it.

What I found out after researching the questions

The Chinese Government Creating and Enforcing Strict Protocol

Image of internet censorship across the globe in 2016

The Chinese Government Does Not Allow Many Western Social Media Sites, like Facebook

An image showing how China has blocked Facebook, in order to censor "inappropriate content" from the citizens in China

China's tech-sector a decade ago was week, and people wanted outsiders' factories to give jobs thousands of people and to advance China's technology. However now, China has its own rising tech people, and Facebook can't offer the amount of job creation that Intel and Apple are making.

Facebook was censored in China because it blamed, by the central government in China, for causing ethic unrest in 2009. The government is not allowing Facebook in, unless it is allowed to control what is put on Facebook, and can censor certain things. Facebook said no to this, because the website would have a lot of backlash from their users.

Mr. Zurkerburg said back in 2015, "Obviously you can't have a mission of wanting to connect everyone in the world and leave out the biggest country." He also said "Over the long term, that is a situation we will need to figure out a way forward on."

Effects of the Internet Censorship and Government Control

Protesters marching and holding up signs, in China, trying to fight against internet censorship
Revolution Against Government: Jobs and Education

“It’s completely ridiculous," one scientist in China wrote of the wasted hours spent researching and downloading V.P.N. software that works. "For a nation that professes to respect science and wants to promote scientific learning, such barriers suggest little respect for the people actually engaged in science."

The statement that the scientist said is similar to many people's, in China. Many peoples jobs and education has been effected in many ways, in all job sectors.

“'If it was legal to protest and throw rotten eggs on the street, I’d definitely be up for that." - Ms. Jing, 25, owner of a tech company in China

Many tech companies, like the one Ms. Jing owns have a very hard time doing their job, because of the Great Firewall (a name created for the internet censorship in China).

"'I need to stay tuned into the rest of the world,' said Henry Yang, 25, the international news editor of a state-owned media company who uses Facebook to follow American broadcasters. 'I feel like we’re like frogs being slowly boiled in a pot.'”

Broadcasters (like Henry Yang) and writers need to people to report from China, in order to get news. Also, they need articles online from China, written by people that there because they need to know what it is like there and what is going on there. Since only 126 out of the 1000 of the main websites are allowed in China, a lot of people that have to find out the daily news or need to use articles on the internet feel that their jobs are extremely hard.

“'It’s like we’re living in the Middle Ages." Zhang Qian, a naval historian, complained on the microblog service Sina Weibo. "Chinese academics have expressed their fuesratios online, specifically over them not being able to reach Google Scholar (a seach engine that gives links to millions of schoolartly papers from around the globe)."

Many schools are having a hard time with the internet censorship too. Like what Zhang Qian said, teachers and students can't access websites that are needed, such as Google Schooler. This doesn't allow the students to learn about certain subjects, such as history and english.

Revolution Against Government; The Neo-Maoist Movement

They want to take down the current system, which they think is lead by monopolists capitalist that work in the government. This movement has grown bigger and bigger thoughout these past few years, and now has showed up in the political movement. The movement is attracting more and more people in China, from the average worker to the people already inside of the party.

The current president of China, President Xi, quotes Mao very often and also share some of Mao's ideas. He seems to do this because he wants the neo-Maoist to calm down, and not overthrow him.

People not coming to china or not staying in china

The Internet constraints in China has caused people to study abroad as well as look for jobs somewhere else. Also, people don't want to relocate to China to study or to find a job. This will start to affect the economy, because there will be fewer jobs in China. It also will start to affect the economy because there will be less cash flow in China, since less people will want to business with them.

the Legacy of aNcient China/Its modern future on present day china

Maoism

Gold-painted statue of Mao which was near done last month, but after it received criticism, the government torn it down (January 2016)

Mao caused a lot of deaths (40-70 million, more than Hiltler and Stalin combined) because out the "Great Leap Foward" (which caused the worst famine in history). However, while Hitler, Stalin, and many other totalitarian dictators of the 20th century were rejected after their deaths, Mao still remains a main figure in current day China.

One example of Mao's legacy is The Communist Party he helped found and the authoritarian Leninist political system he established still run the country today. Another way is he has a lasting legacy is how most of his ideas are in the constitution. A third way his legacy shows is how banknotes are printed with his face on them. All these examples show that he Mao still plays a big role in the Chinese government.

The people in this movement want to take down the current system, which they believe is lead by monopolists capitalist that work in the government. This movement has grown bigger and bigger thoughout these past few years, and now has showed up in the political movement. The movement is attracting more and more people in China, from the average worker to the people already inside of the party.

A website page was created, are are the most influential new-Maoist websites in China. Today, these sites have tens of millions of visitors and the public advocates of new-Maosim movement attract millions of followers on social media. According to a lot of people who have studied this movement, this movement wouldn't be able to happen without the internet. This is odd because in western countries the internet is said to help free poeople of old and outdated ideologies, but the neo-Maoist are trying to use it to bring back Maoism and also to start a "equal war".

Confucianism

The Chinese characters for the Confucius term "guanxi", which is the idea of building relationships with people.

Many companies which are trying to get into China's internet are building relationships with high officials in the Chinese government, so that they can convince the government to allow them in.

One example of this is how Mark Zuckerberg hired a well-connected China-policy chief and also begun developing technology that the Chinese government said was unacceptable. Mark Zuckerberg also studied mandarin and hosted Chinese officials at his Menlo Park, Calif., headquarters in order to keep the relationship. He traveled to China to meet business leaders and government officials to keep communications.

This shows guanxi, which is a Confucian term. This is because according to Confucius, relationships are very important in business. This is because people will want to work with people they know. Facebook, and other companies, are trying to build guanxi with the government, so they can show the government that they are going to be good for China.

New questions after researching

Some new questions I have after researching are...

  • Do a large number of people in parts of China pray to Mao, like what they did before?
  • How do people get onto the neo-Maoist websites, if the internet access is so restricted?

Why the topic internet access and government control is important

It is important to know about this topic, because people need to know that they shouldn't take the internet for granted and instead be trying to utilize as much as possible. This is because, in China, they can't do this.

It is also important to know about this topic because people should know what the Chinese regulations on internet are before studying there or working there. This is because if you need to go on the internet a lot for your job/for studying, it will be hard to find all the sources you want to find.

Image Sources

  • http://daxueconsulting.com/internet-censorship-in-china/
  • https://fossbytes.com/countries-highest-internet-censorship/
  • http://www.start-vpn.com/blog/2012/01/25/how-to-unblock-facebook-in-china-how-to-bypass-internet-censorship-in-china-63742/
  • http://secureknow.com/unblocking-websites/bypass-internet-censorship-in-china/
  • https://www.nytimes.com/2016/01/09/world/asia/china-mao-statue-henan.html
  • http://www.huffingtonpost.com/kim-dramer-/guanxi-your-super-business-card-in-china_b_7126460.html

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