The Great Depression Jonathon Moreno

Home Life

Children live in Hoovervilles because their parents lost their jobs.
African american's home life was no better than white american's home life. They also lost their jobs and have to live in poverty.

African american's had a very hard time during the depression. African american men who worked in factories were the first to lose their jobs because of business not wanting to lay off the white workers. This left them jobless and penniless.

people lived in make shift homes with scrap wood and metal, and other pieces of trash that they find.

This is what caused people to live in the hoovervilles and it caused people to live in poverty. They were starving and had to live in makeshift houses that they made out of scrap materials that they would find; Metal, wooden boxes, cardboard, etc. These home that they made from scraps were not sanitary and the children that lived in them would often not get the time to grow because of the fact that they did not eat any food as often as they should have been eating.

Houses and crops were destroyed during giant dust storms hat would blow in the Great Plains.

Farmers in the Great Plains did not do well either. With the dust storms destroying their crops and killing their cattle, they could not make any money and they could not maintain the farm. Their homes were destroyed and buried and their tool and tractors were buried in the dust. This made living in the Great Plains impossible, making farmers pack up whatever they had left and move to California.

Farms were buried in dust during the Dust Bowl

Leisure Time

People would go onto the radio and listen to jazz and listen in on Roosevelts fireside chat for comfort and to get away from their daily problems
Even though families did not have a lot of money, they still went to cinemas at least once a week.

During the 20's, people focused more on enjoying themselves and making the best of what they have. When the depression hit, and when people started losing their jobs, they were not able to go to the cinemas or go to a speakeasy and dance to jazz music, people suffered and could not do anything for the sake of not having any money to pay for it. They did not have the money to do anything because it was so hard to get a job and make some money. Even though people did not have a lot of money, they still went to see a movie at the cinema once or twice a week. This helped families get away from their problems of the depression and it gave them someplace where they do not have to worry anymore. When families were at home they would tune in on the radio to listen to Roosevelt's fireside chats and listen to jazz as a way to comfort themselves about the problems that the depression caused.

People listened to Jazz because of the state that they were in at the time.
Families and their friends would gather to dance to jazz and have a good time.

Economy

Wall street was flooded with people when the stock market crashed on October 1929. They wanted their money before it was all gone.

In the 20s, the rural areas of america were in distress before the depression. With the crash and the drought in the Great Plains, farming got harder . Industry in the 20s was booming and was mass producing consumer products. When the depression hit, no one was able to buy products which put businesses out of business. Stock brokers in the 20s made a fortune from the people investing their money into the stock market. Once the depression hit, all of that wealth that they had, went away and they became just as poor as the rest of the country. In the 20s, african americans were being hired to work in factories ad in businesses. When the depression hit, the factories laid them off to save money. The African Americans were the first workers to be gotten rid of. Business wanted to keep the white workers. When the depression hit wall street, people were swarming the banks and the stocks to get their money out so that they did not lose everything they had. The people who did not get their money out in time, lost all of it and owed the bank money that they borrowed.

This shows how the stocks were doing before and after the crash.
Newspaper articles were published all over the country about the stock market crash on wall street.
People go into the banks to get their savings out before they are all gone

Government

Roosevelt has a bank holiday and infuses 2 billion dollars into the banking system to get it started up again.

In the 20's, the government followed a hands off policy. Meaning that the government does not get involved with business affairs and does not help people individually. The government believed in helping people as a community and as a whole, not individual help. Once the depression hit and Roosevelt came into office, the role of government changed. Instead of leaving people to fend for themselves, they get government support. For the farmers in the great Plains, the government sent the CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) to go and plant more trees in the area to hold down the dirt and to keep the amount of dust storms to a lower percentage. There were welfare systems for the poor and bread stations where people can get food for themselves. The National bank holiday was when the government infused 2 billion dollars into the banking system to get it back up and running. In this way, the government helped people, not only individually, but also as a community.

People form lines at the banks to either withdraw or deposit money into the bank after the bank holiday.
People swarmed the bank to deposit their money believing that the banking system had been restored.
Unemployed people are unable to provide for their families, therefore, they need food and money to live and the only way to get it is at places where they give out food to the hungry.

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