Affect Sea Life. Provides as a “nursery” for many different types of sea life. 4,000 species of fish, 800 different species of coral, and many other species. Some of the species include: sharks, eels, urchins, crabs, shrimps, algae, etc. Algae in coral reefs, live in coral’s translucent tissues and through photosynthesis, they provide food and oxygen to other sea animals. The corals then store carbon dioxide for the algae to use. When the life of the coral is threatened, the life of every other species is also threatened; leads to endangerment of many species.
Protects the coastline. They are a natural barrier for the coastline protecting them from currents, strong waves, and storms. They slow the water before it reaches the shore, without them we become very vulnerable. One area from where the reef was destroyed, it cost $10 million per kilometer to build a protective wall.
Affect Humans. Supports the livelihoods of (provides jobs for) almost 300 million people. Also, around the world, reefs have provided roughly one tenth of the fish that humans consume today. They also use coral reef plants and animals for medicine for humans that help cure diseases, cancers, and infections. Local communities use them as a tourist attractions to help support the economy. The goods and services that the coral reefs provide to humans are worth $375 billion dollars each year.
Humans (Livelihoods) Affected
Avoid Pollution By:
1. Burning fossil fuels - use electric cars instead of fuel burning cars.
2. Ammonia: cut down on rat/small animal killers, insect killers, and fertilizers let off harmful chemicals that cause water pollution (blocks sunlight to the reef) - Use rat traps, bug zappers and water your grass regularly/use sod.
Divers need to understand not to touch the coral reefs, the surrounding area then dies, also boats need to be educated not to drop anchor just anywhere.
Divers photographing a coral reef
Avoid Overfishing By:
Removing poison fishing- the poison used to stun fish, it kills the coral in the reefs-instead use nets to catch the fish or use the poison in a section of the water far away from coral reefs.
Fishing boat docking after a day of catching fish
Grow coral in a lab and sell it as souvenirs instead of destroying the natural coral, block off sections of the ocean with coral so that no docks can be built over them.
Avoid Global Warming By:
1. Cutting down on C02 being released into the atmosphere.
2. Global solar power
3. Use sustainable and reliable global energy sources.
4. Change life habits- electric cars, cut down on coal power plants, solar power...etc.
Water evaporation off of a geyser