Emperor Penguins Jorja & Gloria

Habitat

All penguins live in the Southern Hemisphere, though it is a common lie that they all live in Antarctica. In fact, penguins can be found on every continent in the Southern Hemisphere. It is also a lie that penguins can only live in cold climates.

Adaptations

Despite such harsh conditions, emperor penguins spend their entire lives on the ice or in the surrounding waters of Antarctica. To survive in this severely cold climate, emperor penguins are equipped with several special adaptations. Such as... Four layers of scale-like feathers protect them from icy winds and provide a waterproof coat. The penguins can store large amounts of fat which insulates their bodies while also serving as a long-lasting energy source. They also have a layer of thick blubber under their skin.

Breeding

Emperor penguins only breed in the Antartic winter ( April- December), getting as cold as -50 Celsius and with wind gusts up to 200 KM per hour! Emperor penguins breed by males mate with females on a pack of ice and each female only lay one egg. The the parents can't drop the egg or it will freeze and the chick dies.

Feeding

Emperor penguins mainly eat silver fish, krill and squid. But they have a very different menu that changes with the seasons.

Fun facts

The emperor penguin is the largest of all 17 species of penguins in the size of 1.15 m (45 in.) tall!

They are the only animal to live in the open ice in Antartica during winter!

They can face wind chills as cold up to -60 C and blizzards of 200 km per hour (124 mph)!

The female leaves the egg with the Male and go out to sea to hunt! And when she returns, she coughs up her food from her stomach and feed the newly born chick!

Credits:

Created with images by Christopher.Michel - "Happy World Penguin Day!" • Christopher.Michel - "Happy World Penguin Day!" • Christopher.Michel - "Happy World Penguin Day!" • Christopher.Michel - "Happy World Penguin Day!" • Christopher.Michel - "Happy World Penguin Day!" • Christopher.Michel - "Happy World Penguin Day!" • Christopher.Michel - "Emperor Penguins"

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